The Battle Of The Alamo 1835

Historical and tourist information on visiting The Alamo in San Antonio, Texas and other points of interest in the area.

The Alamo in San Antonio is one of the most famous historical sites in the United States and the most visited historical site in Texas. It's most interesting heritage draws people from all walks of life to the place where others lived, worked and fought in the name of Liberty.

The Alamo was originally named Misión San Antonio de Valero and was founded in 1724. It served as home to missionaries and their Indian converts for nearly seventy years.

In the early 1800s, the Spanish military stationed a cavalry unit at the former mission. The soldiers referred to the old mission as the Alamo in honor of their hometown Alamo de Parras, Coahuila. The Calvary commander established the first hospital of record in Texas in the Long Barrack.

San Antonio and the Alamo played a critical role in the Texas Revolution. In 1835, Ben Milam led Texans and Tejanos against Mexican troops quartered in the city. Five days of fighting, forced General Marín Perfecto de Cós and his soldiers to surrender. These victorious volunteers then occupied the Alamo and strengthened its defenses.

In February and March 1836 one of the most heroic battles in history was fought at the Alamo. The Texas forces commanded by William B. Travis, renowned knife fighter James Bowie, and famed frontiersman and former congressman from Tennessee Davy Crockett. Reduced to a mere 157 men, Travis appealed for help and 30 additional men joined the defenders. According to legend, with the possibility of additional help fading, Colonel Travis drew a line on the ground and asked any man willing to stay and fight to step over and all except one did.

These courageous men held the Alamo for an additional 5 days against the centralist army of General Antonio López de Santa Anna, before it fell. The deaths of the Alamo Defenders have come to symbolize courage and sacrifice for the cause of Liberty in early America. The defenders believed that the Alamo was the key to the defense of Texas.

"I am determined to sustain myself as long as possible and die like a soldier who never forgets what is due to his own honor and that of his country "" VICTORY OR DEATH."

Lieutenant Colonel William Barret Travis

February 24, 1836

Before daybreak on the morning of March 6, 1836, Mexican soldiers emerged from the darkness and climbed the walls of the Alamo. The defenders beat back several attacks using cannons and small firearms to no avail. The Mexicans regroup once again, scaled the walls and invaded the compound. By sunrise, the battle was over.

While the facts surrounding the siege of the Alamo continue to be debated, there is no doubt about what the battle has come to symbolize. People worldwide continue to remember the Alamo as a heroic struggle against overwhelming odds "" a place where men made the ultimate sacrifice for freedom. For this reason the Alamo remains hallowed ground and the Shrine of Texas Liberty.

"Remember the Alamo!"

Immortal words shouted by patriot Sam Houston at the battle of San Jacinto on April 21, 1836, just one month after the defeat at the Alamo.

More than 2.5 million people a year visit the 4.2-acre site located at 300 Alamo Plaza in downtown San Antonio, Texas. Three buildings encompass this historical site, which include the Shrine, the Long Barrack Museum, and the Gift Museum. Exhibits on the Texas Revolution and Texas History are among the interesting points at this site. The magnificent Alamo Gardens offer tourists the opportunity to stroll the beautiful walk.

Representing nearly 300 years of history the Alamo has been managed by the Daughters of the Republic of Texas since 1905. Admission to the Alamo is free. The Daughters of the Republic of Texas receive no monetary help from local, state or federal government. They depend solely upon money from sales in the Alamo Gift Museum, donations from individuals and private foundation grants to fund its educational programming and general operation.

The Alamo is open to the public every day of the year except Christmas Eve and Christmas Day. Their hours of operation are from 9:00 AM to 5:30 PM Monday through Saturday, and 10:00 AM to 5:30 PM on Sunday.

Other historical sites Texas include the Mission San Jose in San Antonio, the San Jacinto Monument east of Houston, Fort Davis National Historic Site, and the Lyndon Baines Johnson Presidential Library, which is part of the University of Texas in Austin.

While in the area you may want to include Sunderland's Cactus Garden to your tour. Located less than a mile from the Alamo, the Cactus Garden boasts five acres of native and exotic cacti and succulents. Thousands of plant life abounds including the largest nursery-grown cactus n Texas. This 25-foot specimen of Packycereus pringlii is native to a small are of Baja California. Rare species of cactus are grown in the garden from seed. Sunderland's Cactus shop and gardens are open Sun. to Fri., with guided group lecture tours by appointment on Sundays.

Another wonderful place to visit only 7.5 miles from the Alamo, would be the Santa Anna National Wildlife Refuge. The refuge is approximately 2,000 acres of thick, brush growth, typical of the valley before agricultural development. The refuge protects the abundant wildlife and plant species, many of which are found nowhere else in the United States and many of the species are listed as peripheral, threatened, or endangered. Rare birds are most prominent during winter season.

Since the early 1970's Santa Anna National Wildlife Refuge has witnessed a rapid increase in annual visitation, now exceeding 250 million visits a year. The refuge offers interpretive wildlife team rides from late November through April. Or you can take a leisurely drive by private car through the 7-mile wildlife drive on days when the tram isn't operating. You may also walk-through any time during daylight hours. The refuge offers three self-guided nature walks including one for those who are wheelchair bound. The Visitor Center has exhibits, slides and nature books for sale in addition to friendly information about the refuge. The visitor center is open weekdays at 8 a.m. to 4:30 and is closed on all federal holidays.

Containing over 300 species of birds, and one half of all butterfly species found in North America, the refuge is most visited in the fall when migrations occur, and in the spring. Although these are the most popular times to visit the uniqueness of the plants and animals make Santa Ana special throughout the year.

Enjoy your stay in Texas!

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