Blood Pressure Fluctuation Causes

By Paul Favors

  • Overview

    Blood pressure fluctuation is caused by various factors such as the level of physical activity a person engages in diet and sleeping patterns. It is said that stress and anxiety also affect the sudden changes in blood pressure. A kind of diet that is rich in saturated fats and lacking in fiber causes the sudden increase in blood pressure. Because of this, it is said that 7 out of 10 people are not able to control their blood pressure.
  • Significance

    Blood pressure is the force exerted by the blood as it is pumped by the heart into the arteries. It is composed of two types of pressure: the systolic and diastolic. Systolic blood pressure represents the pressure exerted by the blood when the heart contracts. Diastolic pressure refers to the pressure in the arteries when the heart is at rest. Change in a person's blood pressure is a normal occurrence. However, chronic blood pressure fluctuation can mean that something is happening in the body's blood circulation. If your blood pressure constantly fluctuates high, this means that the heart is exerting more effort in pumping blood and that the arteries are somewhat stressed. This may signal that there is something wrong with your heart. Other problems that might also cause blood pressure fluctuation are kidney illnesses and hormonal problems.
  • Effects

    Change in blood pressure level is normal only if it happens 25 to 30% during the day. This only means that the body is dynamic and that the body is properly performing its metabolic processes. At first, it is difficult to detect whether a certain fluctuation in blood pressure is abnormal as no visible warning signs will occur. However, when blood pressure fluctuation is already accompanied by other symptoms such as vertigo, headache and a feeling of restlessness, you may want to consider consulting your physician for further diagnosis. If you don't receive proper medication for a long period of time, blood pressure fluctuation can lead to various ailments such as renal failure, heart diseases, and stroke that may lead to sudden death. This is why hypertension and hypotension are often times referred to as a "silent killer."


  • Considerations

    Because blood pressure fluctuation can mean a lot of things. If you are doing your own blood pressure monitoring at home, make sure that the measurements are accurate and that no other reason may cause blood pressure changes. To ensure accurate monitoring, it is recommended to have your blood pressure taken by a health practitioner at least once a month. Blood pressure monitors that we use at home are not perfect. If your blood pressure gives an abnormally high or low reading, consider taking your blood pressure again. If the second reading matches with the first one, that is the time for you to call your doctor and ask if she wishes to see you at the clinic for further diagnosis.
  • Prevention/Solution

    Again, the cause of blood pressure fluctuation is difficult to determine. That is why prevention requires monitoring blood pressure readings. Ask your physician for a prescription medicine that can normalize your blood pressure. You may also log down the time when you take the medication and your blood pressure reading to create a comparison. Such a detailed log can also help you determine if the fluctuation is a symptom of another health concern. Blood pressure should be monitored at least 3 times a day. The first reading should be early in the morning, when the body is still relaxed and you have not eaten anything that can affect the blood pressure.
  • Warning

    Blood pressure fluctuation must not be ignored especially when it comes with other symptoms. Immediately consult a doctor if the occurrences arise too often. Kidney diseases and heart failures are fatal and may lead to death if the proper treatment is not given as soon as possible.
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