Causes of High Blood Pressure Spikes

By Sabah Karimi

  • Overview

    A prolonged period of high blood pressure can lead to a stroke or heart attack; high blood pressure spikes may affect the eyesight, cause heart damage, or contribute to a condition known as atherosclerosis. High blood pressure spikes result from a rapidly increasing heart rate and increased blood circulation. This can occur after eating certain types of food, taking certain types of medication or be the result of sleep apnea.
  • Significance

    High blood pressure is a condition that affects millions of men and women of all ages. Some people are genetically more at risk to developing high blood pressure and the effects are enhanced because of several factors. High blood pressure spikes can be better managed when the individual learns how to modify their lifestyle and avoid the triggers that cause hypertension.
  • Types

    Some of the most common causes of high blood pressure include: - sleep apnea where the individual stops breathing for long periods of time and blood pressure rises to dangerous levels, - diet pills and appetite suppressants that increase the heart rate and boost the metabolism, - drinking alcohol, - drinking excessive amounts of caffeine, - taking certain types of illegal drugs such as cocaine, amphetamines and drugs that speed up the heart rate, - taking herbal supplements with high concentrations of B-vitamins, or - taking hormone pill such as estrogen or birth control pills.


  • Effects

    Indications that someone is experiencing rising blood pressure or high blood pressure spikes include a rapidly rising heart rate, sweating, heart palpitations, feelings of nervousness or anxiety and increased core body temperature. High blood pressure that is left untreated may increase the risk of stroke, a heart attack, heart disease and eyesight damage.
  • Considerations

    High blood pressure spikes can be caused by a number of internal and external factors. People who are sensitive to extreme heat or extreme cold may experience a rapid rise in blood pressure as blood circulation increases to stabilize body temperature. High blood pressure spikes can be prevented with lifestyle changes, but high blood pressure can also be treated with several prescription drugs including Lopressor, Hydrochlorothiazide, Cozaar, Atenolol, Vasotec and Maxzide.
  • Warnings

    Certain types of over-the-counter medications, all-natural herbal supplements and prescription drugs can cause high blood pressure spikes that may require medical intervention to stabilize the heart rate. Everyday medications can also trigger a high blood pressure spike; these include synthetic hormones (or corticosteroids), migraine medications, cough and cold medications and asthma medications. All individuals considering taking these medications or supplements should check with a doctor to make sure they can tolerate the dosage and do not experience unwanted side effects.
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