Causes of Overactive Bladder

By Alicia Bodine

  • Overview

    Causes of Overactive Bladder
    An overactive bladder can be embarrassing and frustrating at the same time. It can gradually take over a person's whole life. You can't go anywhere without knowing the location of the bathrooms. It can affect you physically, emotionally and socially. The good news is that you don't have to live with an overactive bladder. There are treatments and medications that can help you get back to living a normal life.
  • Causes

    Everyone has a bladder muscle called the detrusor muscle. This muscle squeezes to let urine out and relaxes to keep urine in. When this muscle stops working the way that it is designed to, it causes an overactive bladder. This can happen in people of all ages and is not a normal part of growing older. If you have an overactive bladder, you will want take care of this condition.
  • Other Causes

    There are a few other causes of an overactive bladder. A person could be having a side effect from one of the medications he is taking. In this case when the medication is stopped, the bladder muscle will resume working as normal. A person may also have either bladder cancer or prostate cancer. Any type of neurological disease can cause an overactive bladder. This can include multiple sclerosis and Parkinson's disease. Finally, bladder stones can cause an overactive bladder until they pass.


  • Symptoms

    The symptoms of an overactive bladder are clear so it should be easy for a person to determine if she suffers from this condition. The main symptom of an overactive bladder is the need to urinate more than she is use to or more than a normal person would need to. Next, a person may feel like she needs to go right now all of a sudden. This is called urgency of urination. Finally, if the person doesn't get to the bathroom fast enough, she will urinate a little in her pants. The term for this is urge incontinence. An individual may have one symptom or a combination of these three symptoms.
  • Treatment

    Your doctor may recommend some treatments before going ahead with a medication regimen. This is because medications can have side effects. The first treatment is for women. Women can contract and release the Kegel muscle. This must be done at least 50 times per day for a period of two months. In addition to this treatment, women may want to add the pelvic floor electrical stimulation. The electrical currents stimulate the detrusor muscle to begin working normally again. Behavior therapy has also been found to help some individuals. With this a person must learn how to go longer and longer each time in between urinating so that she can learn to control her urges.
  • Medications

    Detrol LA is perhaps the most commonly known overactive bladder medication on the market. It is designed to address all three symptoms of an overactive bladder. Another medication is Ditropan. This drug helps to stop the urge incontinence by relaxing the muscles. There is a third option available to women. It is estrogen which is a hormone. This hormone can work in women who are reaching or going through menopause.
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