Charles Darwin's The Origin Of Species

In The Origin of Species Charles Darwin theorized that natural selection was the mechanism that explained the process of evolution.

In "The Origin of Species" Charles Darwin theorized that natural selection was the mechanism that explained the process of evolution. Darwin's theory of natural selection helped to convince most people that life exists in its present form as a result of evolution, rather than a random series of inexplicable miracles.

Darwin's theories basically accomplished two major feats: The first is that they confirmed the belief that all organisms distribute changes from a common ancestor, which supported the theory of evolution almost conclusively. The second is that scientists are no longer forced to question whether evolution is fact or fiction. Evolution is considered to be a scientific fact.

Darwin introduced the concept of species changing and adapting slowly over time, and surmised that those adaptive change most often occurred via the mechanism of natural selection. The concepts contained in the terms "Natural Selection" and/or "Survival of the Fittest" are, either separately or as a whole, a valid scientific explanation for evolution. Darwin's observations showed that many distinctively diverse organisms of plants and animals were related through some yet to be discovered explanation. He described Natural Selection as the "preservation of favorable individual differences and variations, and the destruction of those which are injurious or the Survival of the Fittest."

An additional element of Darwin's theory encompasses the variance in the physical and habitual traits of each species. This is the area in which the Survival of the Fittest theory most often comes into play. Darwin asserted that in order for a species to cope with the ever changing environments and circumstances it is subjected to, it must not only adapt, but must also be capable of passing on those adapted characteristics to its offspring.

In terms of the total number of species on earth, including the many mass extinctions, each one has at some point, according to Darwin, spawn organisms with increasingly higher intelligence. If we assume that the scientific community has correctly assessed the relative intelligence of fish, reptiles, birds, mammals and humans, then the relativity of these varying levels of intelligence is likely to remain the same. In other words, the intelligence of one species should not, when applying Darwin's theory, increase any more rapidly than the next, which would preclude any chance of a currently less intelligent species someday surpassing human levels of intelligence.

Darwin's theory that species adapt to various environments without any help from divine entities is still accepted by most scientists, though it has been expanded upon. One of the most common reasons people are so desperate to prove Darwin wrong is because they have interpreted his theories to imply that humans evolved from apes. This was not however, his assertion. Evolutionism actually proclaims that contemporary apes and humans evolved from a common ancestor, but that ancestor was in a variety of ways, quite different from contemporary apes. This explanation doesn't do a whole lot to calm people's vehement claims of sacrilege and blaspheme, but it does provide an avenue of acceptance for them to venture down, should they choose to do so. After all, scientific theories should not be accepted or rejected simply based on whether people like the implications of the results. Theories survive or perish based on their ability or inability to accurately predict observations and generate supportive evidence.

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