Childhood Immunizations

Parenting issues on what immunizations your child needs to start school. Choices you can make as a parent for your child to be immunized against and the side effects of each.

Vaccinations are given when your child is born. It continues through their teen years. Your responsibility as a parent is to make yourself aware of all the possible reactions to each vaccine. Before each vaccine is given you will be given a form to fill out, that explains the possible reactions, what the vaccine is for and your consent to not hold the person or agency giving the vaccine responsible if receiving the vaccine harms your child.

Vaccines

IPV

Given at 2 months, 4 months, 6 months, 15 months, 5 years

IPV (Polio) vaccine protects your child against polio, a disease that effects muscles, and can become as severe as a child relying on a ventilator for life, or in a wheelchair for damaged muscles (paralysis from polio). About 1 person in 100,000 who receives the vaccine may develop Polio.

DTaP

Given at 2 months, 4 months, 6 months, 15 months and 5 yrs, only a Td is given at 15. If you child has problems that are above normal he/she may be given half doses of the vaccine.

Normal reactions:

Redness at the site, some slight swelling. Applying a wet teabag to the area helps to decrease swelling and comforts some.

Give Tylenol for temperatures above 102, and to help with the crankiness and discomfort

If temperatures exceed 103 call your physician immediately, this type of increase in not normal. The health department and CDC watch for reactions and note them for statistical reasons. In rare cases a child may suffer from "febrile seizures".

The DTaP vaccine is a combination vaccine that protects against 3 diseases:

Diphtheria carries to strains of toxins one that can damage the heart, kidneys, and nerves. The second is associated with upper respiratory, causing the muscle cords in the throat to tighten, swell and make breathing difficult. One in ten people that are infected with Diphtheria die, also associated with crowded living areas.

Pertussis (whooping cough) causes severe coughing that sounds like a "whoop" deep and a very distinctive cough unlike a normal cough causing spasms of the throat and larynx and leaving the child breathless. The cough is so strong that a baby who is infected when intubated can cough the tube completely out. Very young children are at the greatest risk. It can also cause convulsions, brain damage, and death. In adults this causes only mild symptoms of cold and cough.

Tetanus (lockjaw) causes severe muscle spasms that make it hard to breathe after being infected within 48 hours symptoms will start. Tetanus happens when the tetanus bacteria infects a wound usually something from dirt or rust. About 6 people in 10 who get tetanus will die from it.

Comvax - (Hep B)

Given at 2months, 4 months and 15 months.

Comvax is a combination vaccine that protects against 2 types diseases:

Hepatitis B - A viral infection of the liver that is transmitted so far as the CDC knows only by blood and body fluids of infected persons.

Haemophilus Influenzae, type b (Hib) is an infection that causes most ear infections, bronchitis, and sinus infections. The more serious conditions are meningitis, joint infections, inflamed infected tissue (cellulites) and pericarditis (inflammation around the heart)



Normal reactions:

Redness at the site, some slight swelling. Applying a wet teabag to the area helps to decrease swelling and comforts some.

Give Tylenol for temperatures above 102, and to help with the crankiness and discomfort

If temperatures exceed 103 call your physician immediately, this type of increase in not normal. The health department and CDC watch for reactions and note them for statistical reasons. In rare cases a child may suffer from "febrile seizures".

MMR

Given at 1 year, 5 years, if not previously given booster are recommended at 11 years. This vaccination should not be given if the child is suffering from anything more severe than a common cold.

MMR is a combination vaccine that protects against 3 diseases:

Measles causes fever and rash. It also can cause pneumonia, eye inflammation, and inflammation of the brain.

Mumps causes fever and swelling of saliva and parotid glands in the throat. It can cause problems with the pancreas and brain damage.

Rubella (German measles) is usually quite mild in children but is very easy to catch. Fever and a pinpoint prickly rash are very evident. If in contact with a child that has Rubella and she contracts the disease it can cause miscarriage or birth defects if a pregnant woman.

Normal reactions:

Redness at the site, some slight swelling. Applying a wet teabag to the area helps to decrease swelling and comforts some.

Give Tylenol for temperatures above 102, and to help with the crankiness and discomfort

If temperatures exceed 103 call your physician immediately, this type of increase in not normal. The health department and CDC watch for reactions and note them for statistical reasons. In rare cases a child may suffer from "febrile seizures".

Some children may develop a rash one or two weeks after vaccination, this is not unusual and will not harm the child.

Varicella

Given at 1 year, if they have not had chicken pox by the age of 13 they should be tested and vaccinated.

Some pediatricians decide not to offer this vaccination, the feeling is the disease is not as serious as others, and major problems are rare, the side effects need to be weighed by the parent and physician.

Varicella protects against chickenpox. If your child has had chickenpox, please tell your healthcare provider at your next visit. A pregnant woman should avoid contact with any child who has been vaccinated for 3-5 days. Also any child that has chickenpox should not be near a pregnant woman it could cause severe birth defects and miscarriage.

The reactions are that the same as any other vaccination. Any unusual side effects should be reported to your health care provider immediately.

In depth information can be obtained at the CDC (Center for Disease Control).

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