The Contents Of King Tutankhamen's Tomb

The contents of King Tutankhamen's tomb was discovered by a man that was persistent of his beliefs. This article will tell a story about the discovery of the King Tutankhamen's tomb.

The contents of King Tutankhamen's tomb dates back to 1352 B.C. The content of King Tutankhamen's tomb is the contents of the burial chambers of the ancient Egyptian boy king Tutankhamen. The cache of royal burial treasures found in the antechamber, annex, sepulchral chamber, treasury, and corridors includes the king's gold mask, golden throne, couches, royal robes, golden shrine, wishing cup perfume vases, necklaces, decorative pectoral, gold pendants, alabaster vases, caskets, chest, stools, chairs, hassocks, weapons, chariots, statues, figurines, faience cups, corselets, sandals, ornate sticks, whips, bows, gloves, fruit baskets, model boats, paintings, boomerangs, and games.

Were it not for the pertinacity and dogged detective work of archaeologist Howard Carter, one of ancient Egypt's greatest treasures might still be buried. Carter's fellow archaeologists had for years scoffed at his conviction that one or more of the sepulchers of the dynastic pharaohs located in the Valley of the Kings might remain chaste and undiscovered. But Carter was convinced that none of the previous discovered tombs was that of King Tut, and that he must still slumber somewhere beneath the mounds and rubble of the plundered valley.

It had been the practice of ancient Egyptian pharaohs to be buried in royal tombs with the bulk of their resplendent earthly belongings to ensure safe passage to, and well being in, the afterworld. Elaborate measures were taken to fortify their death chambers and protect them from grave robbers bold enough to risk the vengeance of the spirits. Burial galleries were mined in secrecy, false passages constructed, rubble piled floor-to-ceiling against the ponderous doors to the burial chambers, interior rooms bolted shut, and statues of feared animal gods placed to guard the doors.

Howard Carter had long been interested in King Tutankhamen tomb. Few archaeologists of the day were more qualified than Carter to take such a position, and to undertake a painstaking search to find Tut's royal subterranean graveyard.

Born in Norfolk, England, in 1873, Carter received his initiation into archaeology at an early age. When he was seventeen, he worked in Egypt as a draftsman for the Archaeological Survey of Egypt. His career came to an abrupt halt in the early 1900's, however, when, as an inspector in the Egyptian government's antiquities department, he became embroiled in an altercation involving some belligerent tourists and, believing he had acted properly, refused to render an apology. Carter was fired from his job and slunk into early retirement.

At about the same time that Carter's professional career in archaeology was coming to an end, an aristocratic Englishman's interest in the subject was starting to blossom. Lord Carnarvon was but an amateur in excavating, however, and if he was going to take his interest seriously, he needed the help of a professional. A friend suggested he solicit Howard Carter, and in 1907 the two joined forces, Lord Carnarvon providing the money, Carter the expertise.

King Tutankhamen came into power at a very young age; he did indeed preside over a nation as a ruler in the Eighteenth Dynasty of Pharaohs. He became pharaoh by familial succession, through his marriage to the third daughter of King Akhenaton. After the king died in 1362 B.C., Tutankhaton, as he was known as a prince, succeeded him. The new king and queen were both about nine or ten years old. Tutankhamen ruled unremarkably until his death, nine years later, at the age of eighteen and would have been to modern society an obscure pharaoh but for two factors: his tomb, though pillaged shortly after his death, escaped wholesale liquidation by later plunderers; and Howard Carter, in the twentieth century, held to the belief that Tut's tomb lay undiscovered.

Carter was convinced that the Valley of the Kings, near Luxor, must indeed be the burial site of King Tut, since a nest of shattered pottery and linen found there that had been dismissed by Davis was later found to bear Tutankhamen's name. Believing that the burial chambers of King Tut lay around the middle f the valley, Carter began planning his excavation, only to be interrupted by World War I.

Digging began after the war but bore no fruit after six seasons. Although he continued excavating, coming up empty after six seasons had left him depressed and discouraged. The digging had halted the previous season by the northeast corner of Ramses VI's tomb. This time Carter directed his men to excavate south. The area they would come upon, Carter recalled had ancient huts; a pharaoh's laborers typically used these when building a tomb and could mean a tomb was nearby.

On the morning of November 4, 1922, Carter reported to the excavation site. He was immediately struck by the silence. Carter was told that the workmen had stopped activity earlier when a step cut had been discovered beneath an ancient hut. Further digging revealed a stairway, a large corridor was found to lead to a sealed doorway. Carter bored a hole through the door, put in a flare, and observed stones piled ceiling high.

Carter summoned Lord Carnarvon in England to join him for the entering of what appeared to be Tut's royal tomb. After Carnarvon arrived in Egypt, workmen began clearing the stones beyond the sealed door. They cleared a passageway and, on the afternoon of the twenty-sixth of November 1922, found another sealed door. Royal cachets on this door revealed it was indeed the tomb of Tutankhamen. With Carnarvon, Carnarvon's daughter, and workmen behind him, Carter made a hole. Then he introduced a light into the darkness, at first Carter could see nothing, and then details of the room emerged slowly from the mist. Carter saw strange animals, statues and gold everywhere. Carter and the others became the first human beings in three thousand years to enter King Tutankhamen's royal gallery, uncovering the richest archaeological find in modern history.

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