Disease Of Hogs, Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Hogs can get many diseases, you need to know the causes, symptoms and treatment, also prevention.

There are a large number of diseases that can affect a hog and this will vary from place to place depending on the area you where you live and raise hogs. Remember that so many diseases are entirely preventable as you need to keep the feed lots and houses sanitary, unclean and filthy lots and houses will encourage disease.

African Swine Fever- This is likened to hog cholera and is the most devastating of all swine diseases. It is caused by a virus and can withstand heat, putrefaction and dryness. Symptoms include high fevers, no appetite, red skin and depression. A very high percentage will die from this. Call your veterinarian if you become suspicious of this disease.

Anemia- This strikes mostly small pigs with a lack of iron and copper from the soil. Symptoms will include, weakness, breathing problems, swollen conditions around the head and shoulder and loss of appetite. Consult your veterinarian for the proper nutritional control on the feeding.

Arthritis- This disease can result in heavy losses as pigs won't feed correctly and you need to feed longer to get the hog to market. The cause is bacteria and also an injury could cause arthritis. Damp, rough or cold floors can contribute. Symptoms include joint swelling, then hardness, stunted growth or going lame. Streptococus the bacteria which causes this disease can be treated in the early stages by your veterinarian.

Baby-pig Hypoglycemia- This means there is not enough sugar in the blood and it will affect baby pigs during the first three days after being farrowed. The cause is unknown and not contagious.

Pigs become listless, don't want to nurse and usually die. Consult your veterinarian.

Bordetella Rhinitis- This is caused by atrophyic rhinitis, an infection of the nasal cavity by Brdetella bronchiseptica. This is an organism that gets into wounds or scratches in the mouth or nose of pigs, can be spread from the sow to the baby pig. Symptoms are sneezing, also a wrinkling of the snout, rough hair coat and they become poor doers. There are preventive measures for this disease.

Brucellosis or Bang's- Caused by Brucella suis, an infectioius organism that is spread from animal to animal through contact and by contaminated water, afterbirth and feed. Symptoms are premature abortion of litters, sterility, inflammation of the uterus or womb, testicles and joints. Consult your veterinarian but there isn't

much that can be done except in a preventive manner.

Hog Cholera- This is causes by a small virus in the blood and body tissue of an infected animal and spreads quickly through the urine and feces as well as the nose and mouth by secretions. Symptoms include fever, loss of appetite, eyes with a discharge and wanting to be in a dark area.

Usually there is no help for this disease, but consult your veterinarian for help.

Clostridium Enteritis- This affect pigs during the first week after farrowing, is caused by Clostridium perfringens Type C bacteria. Symptoms include scours, diarrhea, weakness and wanting to be near warmth. Consult your veterinarian for a diagnosis and for help.

Coccidiosis- This is caused by several coccidia and Isospora suis appears to be the most serious. Symptoms appear from 5 days to 5 weeks old, by diarrhea, listless and showing stress, dehydration will follow. This is very fatal at times. Sanitation and heat requirements will help, but consult your veterinarian.



E. Coli Baby-pig Scours- E. coli bacteria strains that are enteropathogenic cause scours on mostly unhealthy pigs. Symptoms include diarrhea usually from 2 to 8 days old. Pigs become weak, inactive, and dehydrated and most die. Sows can become immunized to E. coli by moving them. Be careful of not having the humidity too high. Consult your veterinarian.

Eperythrozoonosis- This is caused by a blood parasite, Eperythrozoon suis splitter and destroys red blood cells and anemia results. Symptoms include stress, slow growth, anemia and jaundice. Consult your veterinarian and also practice preventive measures.

Erysipelas- This is caused by a microorganism or bacteria similar to arthritis. Symptoms include high body temperature, redness of skin and red diamond-shaped patches. Consult your veterinarian and remove ill animals from the herd.

Haemophllus Pleuropneumonia- This is caused by a bacteria called Haemophilus pleuro-pneumonae. Symptoms can affect pigs of any age, high body temperatures occur and sudden deaths. Consult your veterinarian.

Influenza or Flu- Caused by a Type A virus in combination with a bacterium, Hemophilus suis. Symptoms are that pigs go off feed and become listless and inactive, breathing is difficult. Consult your veterinarian for help.

Jowl Abscess- Meat inspectors reject meat because of abscesses. Symptoms include abscesses in the head, neck and throat. Take the ill animals away from the herd and consult your veterinarian.

Leptospirsis- This is caused by a bacteria called Leptospira. Symptoms include loss in weight, jaundic, anemia, abortion, reduced milk flow. Consult your veterinarian.

MMA (Metritis-mastitis-agalactia)- A major swine disease and causes have not been determined. Symptoms include an inflammation of the milk producing glands in the udder. Treatment consists of trying to overcome constipation, stop infection, and to start milk flow. Consult your veterinarian.

Mycoplasmal Pneumonia- Mycoplasma hyopneumonia is a cause. Symptoms are coughing at two to three weeks of age, thumping and breathing hard and death usually results. Clean quarters can help but consult your veterinarian.

Parvovirus- This is caused by a major virus causing the SMEDI syndrome is an entero-virus called parvovirus. Symptoms include lose of embryo, also mummified pigs and sows do not come in heat. Consult your veterinarian for prevention.

Pseudorabies- Caused by a virus (Herpes-virus group) and is associated with hogs eating garbage.

Symptoms are high fever, depression, nervous system disorders, padding and cough and convulsions. Consult your veterinarian for treatment.

Parakeratosis- This is a skin disease and the cause if not known. Symptoms are skin reddening and pimple-like formations, skin becomes thick and crusted and can affect the entire body. Consult your veterinarian for treatment and prevention.

Shaky Pig Syndrome- This cause is unknown but it is thought to be a virus. Symptoms are a pig being shaky and lacking coordination. Consult your veterinarian for treatment

There are a number of other diseases of hogs but I have mentioned the most prevailing. Consult your veterinarian if your hogs show any of the above signs for prevention and treatment.

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