Ecstasy

Ecstasy. Ecstasy - MDMA MDMA, also known as Ecstasy - chemical name (3, 4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine), is a synthetic, psychoactive drug possessing stimulant and hallucinogenic...

Ecstasy - MDMA

bulk MDMA

MDMA, also known as Ecstasy - chemical name (3, 4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine), is a synthetic, psychoactive drug possessing stimulant and hallucinogenic properties. MDMA possesses chemical variations of the stimulant amphetamine or methamphetamine and a hallucinogen, most often mescaline. MDMA is a "mood elevator" that produces a relaxed, euphoric state.

Ecstasy was first produced in 1913 by a German company possibly to be used as an appetite suppressant. MDMA has no approved medical use in the U.S. It was originally intended as a weight-loss (anorectic) drug, but because of its side-effects MDMA was never marketed. Chemically, it is an analogue of MDA, a drug that was popular in the 1960s.

Freud aniIn the late 1970s, MDMA was used to facilitate psychotherapy by a small group of therapists in the United States. Illicit use of the drug did not become popular until the late 1980s and early 1990s. Before it was made illegal in 1985, MDMA was used by psychiatrists as a therapeutic tool. Studies are currently underway in Spain and Israel assessing MDMA's effectiveness in the treatment of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). There is much controversy over the use of MDMA for this purpose, which is beyond the scope of this article.

MDMA is frequently used in combination with other drugs. However, it is not often consumed with alcohol, as alcohol is believed to diminish its effects. It is most often distributed at late-night parties called "raves," nightclubs, and rock concerts. As the rave and club scene expands to metropolitan and suburban areas across the country, MDMA use and distribution are increasing as well.

MDMA is taken orally, usually in tablet form; sometimes capsule form, in doses ranging from 50 to 150 mg. A normal dose is around 100 - 125 mg. 'Black market' ecstasy tablets vary widely in strength, and often contain other drugs. The size of the pill is not necessarily related to the dose. Its effects peak at about four hours and last approximately four to six hours.

How much does it cost?
It costs as little as 25 to 50 cents to manufacture an Ecstasy tablet in Europe, but the street value of that same Ecstasy tablet can be as high as $40, with a tablet typically selling for between $20 and $30. (Source, the US, DEA, 2002) Several of our readers have reported finding it for as low as 10 dollars a tablet and as high as 40 dollars for one tablet, depending upon their location in the U.S. In Europe the cost can be a bit less.

Users report that the experience is “very pleasant and highly controllable”. Even at the peak of the effect, people can usually deal with important matters. The effect that makes MDMA different from other drugs is empathy -- the sensation of understanding and accepting others.

At “raves” it’s common for “Ravers” to take an additional 1/2 or 1 tablet approximately 6 hours into the party. Some users will take more. Users of the drug say that it produces profoundly positive feelings, empathy for others, elimination of anxiety, and extreme relaxation. Doses of MDMA are often "piggybacked" on each other in a series over just a few hours leading to severe overheating and cardiac emergencies which require medical intervention.

MDMA is also said to suppress the need to eat, drink, or sleep, enabling users to endure two to three day parties. Consequently, MDMA use sometimes results in severe dehydration or exhaustion. While it is not as addictive as heroin or cocaine.

MDMA can cause other adverse effects including:

  anxiety and paranoia
  hallucinations -- some say this is not true.
  chills and or sweating
  increases in body temperature
  tremors
  involuntary teeth clenching
  muscle cramping and nausea
  blurred vision
  MDMA users also report aftereffects of anxiety, paranoia, panic attacks and depression.
  Death -- MDMA overdoses can be fatal, as they may result in heart failure or extreme heat stroke.

Effects of MDMA

Is MDMA Addictive?

Ecstasy is not physically addictive. However, the drug can often take on great importance in people’s lives, and some people become rather compulsive in their use. Taken too frequently, MDMA loses its effect on most users, but many users will still continue to use it.

An MDMA overdose is characterized by: high blood pressure, faintness, panic attacks, and, in more severe cases, loss of consciousness, seizures, and a drastic rise in body temperature. MDMA overdoses can be fatal, as they may result in heart failure or extreme heat stroke.

Call 911! - Don't try to treat this person yourself. Get them to an emergency center if you can't call 911.

Users of the drug say that it produces profoundly positive feelings, empathy for others, elimination of anxiety, and extreme relaxation. MDMA is also said to suppress the need to eat, drink, or sleep, enabling users to endure two to three day parties. Consequently, MDMA use sometimes results in severe dehydration or exhaustion.



While it is not physically addictive like heroin or cocaine, MDMA can cause other adverse effects including nausea, chills, sweating, increases in body temperature, tremors, involuntary teeth clenching, muscle cramping, and blurred vision. MDMA users also report aftereffects of anxiety, paranoia, and depression. An MDMA overdose is characterized by high blood pressure, faintness, panic attacks, and, in more severe cases, loss of consciousness, seizures, and a drastic rise in body temperature.

  MDMA overdoses can be fatal, as they may result in heart failure or extreme heat stroke. (A father who lost his son to an MDMA overdose will share his experience with us soon).

Secretive laboratories operating throughout Western Europe, primarily the Netherlands and Belgium, manufacture significant quantities of the drug in tablet, capsule, or powder form. Although the vast majority of MDMA consumed domestically is produced in Europe, a limited number of MDMA labs operate in the United States.

The retail price of MDMA sold in clubs in the United States remains steady at twenty to thirty dollars per dosage unit.

MDMA traffickers consistently use brand names and logos as marketing tools and to distinguish their product from that of competitors. The logos are produced to coincide with holidays or special events. Among the more popular logos are butterflies, lightning bolts, and four-leaf clovers. Theses photos are enlarged so the markings would be easier to see. Here is an example of six different Ecstasy tablets and one capsule:

tablettablettablet

The Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN) estimates reveal that nationwide hospital emergency room mentions for MDMA rose dramatically from 70 in 1993 to 2,850 in 1999. Seizures of MDMA have also increased drastically. Over a six-year period, seizures of MDMA tablets submitted to DEA laboratories have risen from a total of 196 in 1993 to 143,600 in 1998. Seizures from January through May 1999 total over 216,300 MDMA tablets; the 1999 figure will most likely double the 1998 figure.

Remember: Ecstasy is illegal and a conviction for possession can carry long prison sentences. Not a great thing for a future employer to find out. This photograph is from a recent drug arrest made by the US Drug Enforcement Administration, used with their permission. The following information is from the Drug Enforcement Administration, we are just reprinting it with their verbal permission, see their site for more (www.dea.gov):

  In the year 2000, more than 6.4 million people age 12 and older reported that they have used Ecstasy at least once in their lives.
  Ecstasy is popular among middle-class teenagers and young adults and that popularity is not decreasing.
  Ecstasy is sold primarily at nightclubs and bars, at underground nightclubs sometimes called “acid houses”, or at 'raves'.

  United States law enforcement seized 17 secretive Ecstasy laboratories in the US in 2001 compared to 7 seized in 2000.

Advice From A Concerned CN Reader Who Has Used Ecstasy...

“When you take ecstasy (or any stimulant drug) your body temperature rises. When you take ecstasy in a hot place (especially like a rave) your body temperature rises even more. When you take ecstasy in a hot place and start dancing, your temperature rises even more! With body temperatures raised to these very high levels there is a risk of developing heat stroke. When your body overheats you lose fluid. Some ravers lose pints of fluid when dancing on E in hot places. At a crowded indoor rave you could lose up to 6 pints in 6 hours. These fluids must be replaced. Be careful, drink a lot of water if you are going to use this drug, that is all I will say”
from - Sam, some guy from the U.S.A.-

(That was one reader’s advice to others and does not reflect nor support the opinion of the use of Ecstasy by CoolNurse.com) To read about experiences with this drug sent in by readers go to Ecstasy Talk

Update: An NIDA-supported study has provided the first direct evidence that chronic use of MDMA, causes brain damage in people. Using advanced brain imaging techniques, the study found that MDMA harms neurons that release serotonin, a brain chemical thought to play an important role in regulating memory and other functions.

In a related study, researchers found that heavy MDMA users have memory problems that persist for at least two weeks after they have stopped using the drug. Both studies suggest that the extent of damage is directly correlated with the amount of MDMA use.

“The message from these studies is that MDMA does change the brain and it looks like there are functional consequences to these changes,” says Dr. Joseph Frascella of NIDA's Division of Treatment Research and Development. That message is particularly significant for young people who participate in large, all-night dance parties known as “raves,” which are popular in many cities around the Nation. NIDA's epidemiologic studies indicate that MDMA use has escalated in recent years among college students and young adults who attend these social gatherings.

BTW, there are sites on the web where they have "recipes" for homemade Ecstasy. Please do not play chemist at home, besides the hazard involved when mixing chemicals at home, you could get busted. Explain that to your employer or during a college entrance interview.

For more photos of MDMA that were found in major cities in the USA.... click the next button...

To read about experiences with this drug sent in by readers go to Ecstasy Talk. For more about drugs used for recreational purposes written by readers, see: Drug Experiences

(Source of information: U.S. Department of Justice Drug Enforcement Administration - photos courtesy of the US DEA) Other sources: Several narcotics officers that requested to remain anonymous and CN readers who have used the drug.

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