Evergreen Tree Care

Do you know how to care for an evergreen tree? They are protective cover near your home, year round.

Are you thinking about planting evergreen trees? They are so very valuable even in the smallest place because they prevent a look of bareness in the winter months. They also make fine specimens and can be used for screens and windbreaks.

Now, as you know, most evergreen trees are tall and also strong growing so you may not need to plant as many as you first think you will need. Try to select the ones best suited for positions in your yard and please chose carefully.

You can safely plant evergreen trees in the early spring and in most places except the very extreme north also in late August and in September. The best method is to plant them with a ball of earth and the ideal size for moving them are from three to four feet and from four to five feet tall. Sometimes you may go to the effort and also expense of digging up a taller tree and it may not survive when transplanted. Remember after a severe dry season many evergreens will suffer from winter injury. Be sure to heavy water in October and again in November.

Let's talk about a few evergreens and first of all the pine family (conifers).

Abies- Fir, these are handsome trees that flourish in cool, moist climates, and are of great value along the coast in northern New England and the lakes in Minnesota so much more than in the warmer middle states. Some varieties of the fir are the Colorado fir, the most important species for general use, the balsam fir, extra hardy for Canada, the northern United States and for high altitudes, but these don't adapt themselves for garden use. These firs are greatly enjoyed for their fragrance and much used for Christmas trees.

Cedrus- Cedar, commonly referred to as the Juniper, these include the Atlas Cedar, they grow well along the coast from Rhode Island south to New Jersey, and as far inland as Philadelphia nad into the southern states. Other varieties are the Deodar which is not reliable to being hardy north of Delaware and the Cedar of Lebanon which is very hardy in Pennsylvania, it is slow growing but can attain great size.

Chamaecyparis- These trees are usually called Retinospora, Japanese Cedar and Cypress and can be grown quickly and easily from cuttings and are reasonably priced in nurseries. They are usually used for foundation plantings. They are mostly used a a temporary screen or quick screen as they become rather shabby in l0 to l5 years.

Cryptomeria- These are perhaps the handsomest of Asiatic evergreens, the variety C. japonica lobbi is the only kind usually grown in the United States and forms a narrow, columnar spike of tree, but this is not a tree for severe climates, and flourishes in New York and Philadelphia and along the eastern seaboard.

Juniperus- Juniper, these are large genus of both trees and shrubs growing in America, Europe and also in Asia, and the j. virginiana is the best known of the tree species, commonly called the Red Cedar, these can grow wild from Canada to Florida to the Rockies.

I won't list all the other varieties in detail but they will contain the following: picea-Spruce,

Pinus- Pines, Pseudotsuga Taxifolia-Douglas Fir, the Sciadopitys verticillata- Japanese Umbrella Pine, the Thuja-Arbor-Vite and the Tsuga-Hemlock.

Do a lot of thinking before planting those evergreens as it is heartbreaking to plant and also go to the expense of planting an evergreen tree which will not adapt to your climate and also your area.

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