The Four Types Of Stringed Instruments Of The Orchestra

Description of each of the four stringed instruments in an orchestra: the violin, the viola, the cello, and the double bass.

In most orchestras, there are four types of stringed instruments that make up the string section. These are the violin, the viola, the cello, and the double bass. All are generally played with a bow, although they may also be plucked with one's finger to create a different type of sound. The bow is a long narrow piece of wood and is strung with a type of hair. Each of the four stringed instruments is a different size and is composed of different strings, as described below.

*Violin - The violin is the smallest of the four types of stringed instruments in the orchestra. It is also the highest sounding instrument of the string family. It has four strings (G, D, A, and E) and is played by placing the instrument under one's chin and drawing the bow across the strings. There are generally two sections of violins in an orchestra, which are referred to as the first and the second violin sections. The first section plays one written part to the music and the second section plays another. A person who plays the violin is referred to as a violinist.

*Viola - The viola looks very similar to the violin, however it is larger. It is played in a similar fashion to the violin, but it is a deeper sounding instrument. It also has four strings, which are the C, G, D, and A strings. Most orchestras have one viola section. A person who plays the viola is referred to as a violist.



*Cello - The cello is a larger instrument than both the violin and the viola. It also has a deeper sound. It is played by standing the instrument on the floor and placing the cello between one's legs. Similar to the violin and viola, the cello is played by drawing a bow across the strings. The stings on a cello are C, D, G, and A. Most orchestras have one section of cellos. A person who plays the cello is referred to as a cellist.

*Double Bass - The double bass is the largest stringed instrument in an orchestra. It has the lowest pitch of all four of the stringed instruments described here. It is played by standing the instrument on the floor and drawing a bow across the strings. Unlike a cello, the double bass is played by standing behind it or sitting on a tall stool because of the large size of the instrument. The strings on a double bass are E, A, D, and G. Most orchestras have one double bass section. A person who plays the double bass is referred to as a bassist.

All of the stringed instruments work together to make up the string section of an orchestra. An orchestra that is made up entirely of stringed instruments is called a string orchestra. If other instruments such as brass, wind, and percussion instruments are added to the string orchestra, a full orchestra is formed. The combination of different pitches and sounds played on the various instruments create music that has been enjoyed by many people throughout the years.

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