Framing A Wall: A Guide For The Average Homeowner

A summary of how to frame a wall to start an addition to your house, build a shed or finish off an attic.

The act of framing a wall is a simple process that is done by putting wood studs together so you can put a wall up, finish off an attic or start a shed. Any homeowner can learn how to do this to make a separate shed to store things in or finish off an attic to increase living area.

The tools that one will need to attack this project include a hammer, some nails, a saw, a tape measure, and a square. The hammer and nails allow you to put the wood together to make the wall. The saw allows you to take the wood you purchased and make it the correct size that you need. The tape measure makes it so that you know what size pieces of wood you need. The square helps you figure out where to place the wall next to or off from the walls you are working around.

First of all, you need to measure out your area to find out how many boards you will need to buy and what size you are going to need. For a shed you need to decide how big of an area you want and then start to figure.



For a six foot long wall that was about 7 feet tall you would need 9 2x4's. One board for the top of the wall, one for the bottom, and 7 for the middle sections. To figure out how many in the middle the rule of placing one every 12 inches is how it is done. That would mean one on the left end, one 12 inches in, one 24 inches in, one 36 inches in, one 48 inches in, at 60 inches and one right at the end. If your wall planned is bigger or smaller the same math would still apply.

Now go off to the lumberyard or home improvement store and buy your supplies. Try to get boards that are as straight as possible as this makes it easier later on.

When you get home decide how long your wall is going to be, and then cut two of your 2x4's that many inches. Place these on a flat area. Then decide how tall you want your wall to be, subtract 3 inches for the top and bottom board and cut your other boards that length.

Take all your boards and lay them on the flat area you laid out. Put the 2 same size boards apart from each other going the same direction with the small side on the ground and the 4 inch sections facing each other. Put the other boards on the ground perpendicular (at a right angle) to the other two boards and put them with one at each end of the top and bottom board and the others spaced every 12 inches. Make sure the 12 inch mark falls in the middle of where you are placing the board. Marking the top and bottom boards ahead of time every 12 inches will make this go quicker.

Now it should look like you have a jail cell wall on the ground with a board at the top and bottom and evenly spaced boards running up and down spaced evenly throughout the wall.

Nail through the top board into each up and down board by putting 2 nails through the top into the ends of the boards. Repeat this for every board and then move to the bottom board and repeat the process. Make sure that all the boards are flat and keep them all even on the ground, having the distance they are off the ground the same. Check this by puting a hand on each of the 2 boards you are about to nail together to make sure it is flat.

After all your nailing is done, lift the wall into place, using help from another person if necessary. Make sure your wall is square, or at a right angle from the other walls around it before you nail it into place. This is important when building a shed as each of the 4 walls need to be at square angles from one another to form a perfect square or rectangle. Nail your wall into place through the bottom board, the top board if you have a ceiling above, and through the end boards if attaching these to walls around your newly created wall. You're Done!

Any homeowner can attempt and easily achieve success when doing this type of work to make walls, sheds, and other additions onto their home. Having help from other people can be fun, and thinking about your sizes and angle first before cutting up your boards will help out a lot.

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