French Literature: Guide To Jean Racine

Jean Racine was a poet and playwright in the 17th century. His worked has influenced many great writers.

BIOGRAPHY

Jean Racine, poet and playwright, was born in La Ferte-Milon, France into a bourgeoise family. He was orphaned early in life and was reared by his grandparents who wree Jansenists. He was educated at the College de Harcourt in Paris where he met Moliere. He broke with the Jansenists when his theatrical career afforded him success, but he later reconciled with them. Afterwards he became the Royal Historiographer.

Racine is considered to be one of the great French tragic dramatists. His first play, AMASIE, was published in 1660, but it has been lost. His best-known play, PHEDRE, was written in 1677.

Jean Racine died in 1699.

CHRONOLOGY

1639 He was born in La Ferte-Milon, France. (December 22)

1655 He entered a Jansenist school in Port-Royal.

1658 He entered the College de Harcourt in Paris.

1660 AMASIE

1663 ODE SUR LA CONVALESCENE DU ROI; LA RENOMMEE AUX MUSES

1664 LA THEBAIDE, OU LES FRERES ENNEMIS (THE THEBANS, OR THE ENEMY BROTHERS)



1665 ALEXANDRE LE GRAND

1667 ANDROMAQUE (ANDROMACHE)

1668 LES PLAIDEURS (THE LITIGANTS)

1669 BRITANNICUS

1670 BERENICE

1672 BAJAZET; He was elected to the French Academy.

1673 MITHRIDATE

1674 IPHIGENIE (IPHIGENIA)

1677 PHEDRE; He married Catherine de Romanet.

1679 OEUVRES

1689 ESTHER

1691 ATHALIE

1692 ABREGE D'HISTOIRE DE PORT-ROYAL

1694 4 CANTIQUES SPIRITUELS

1699 He died. (April 21)

1767 OEUVRES

1768 OEUVRES

1796 OEUVRES COMPLETES

1801 OEUVRES

1865 OEUVRES COMPLETES

1908 THE DRAMATIC WORKS

1931 SIX PLAYS OF CORNEILLE AND RACINE

1936 THE BEST PLAYS OF RACINE

1952 OEUVRES COMPLETES

1944 THEATRE

1958 MID-CARER TRAGEDIES

1960 FIVE PLAYS

1961 THREE PLAYS

1963 PHAEDRA AND OTHER PLAYS

1967 ANDROMACHE AND OTHER PLAYS; COMPLETE PLAYS

1980 THEATRE COMPLET

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