Growing Beautiful And Exotic Day Lilies.

How to grow the most beautiful and exotic Day Lilies. Soil conditions, feeding and general care. To help you create and care for a stunning garden.

The beautiful and exotic Daylily , member of the family Liliaceae , genus Hemerocallis originated in the temperate parts of Asia ---Japan, Korea, Siberia, and China. Hemerocallis, from the Greek hemera (day) and kallos (beauty). Hybridizers in the United States and England have made great improvements in daylilies since the early 1930s. At which time the only colors that were available were yellow, orange and red. Today, however we have colors ranging from near whites, yellows, pastels, oranges, pinks, vivid reds, purple, crimson, blue as well as many beautiful blends with blossoms ranging from around 3 inches to an enormous 4.5 inches or greater in diameter.

Planting times vary, depending upon the climate in which you live. In the North, planting in the spring is normally preferred. While in the South, early spring or late fall are the preferred planting times.

Most daylilies do best in full sun, but will tolerate partial shade. If you wish to bring out the brightest color in your lighter colored plants they must be in full sun to accomplish this. However, the darker shades of reds and purples benefit from partial shade as their dark colors absorb the heat that is a benefit to the lighter shades.

Any good garden soil is acceptable for growing daylilies. However, daylilies will grow in practically any soil as long as it is well drained and friable. Before planting your daylilies the soil should be worked into a good loose condition to a depth of at least one foot. Planting is then a simple process of digging a hole larger than the root mass. Make a mound in the middle of the hole and set in the plants with the roots spread all around the mound. The planting depth can easily be determined by the band of white at the base of the foliage. Working the soil in and around the roots, leaving a slight depression around the plant. Firm the soil and water well. Spacing of daylilies should be no less than 18 to 24 inches apart on each side.

Watering, for daylilies is most important in the spring, while your plants are producing buds and in the summer, during the blooming season. Daylilies benefit more from deep watering, which reaches 8 to 10 inches into the soil.

Take care not to over water, as this will create favorable conditions for root rot to develop.

Daylilies will grow in a variety of soils and conditions, however slightly acid soil would be considered ideal. In poor soils it would be advisable to apply several moderate applications of a complete fertilizer such as 5-10-10 or 5-10-5 should be made in the spring. However, in late summer and early fall a low nitrogen fertilizer such as 3-12-12 or 4-8-12 should be used. Older or larger clumps of daylilies should be fertilized more heavily than the newer plantings as both the soil and the plants become exhausted after a few years.

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