A Guide To Fruit Trees For Your Home

Fruit trees are beautiful to look at and produce tasty treats. Learn how to choose the best tree for your yard.

If you've always wanted a fruit tree in your back yard you are not alone. It would be such a lovely feeling to walk out of your back door and pluck a delicious piece of fruit from the tree and taste its freshness. You wouldn't have to worry about what kind of pesticides were on your fruit because you grew it yourself, and you could save money at the produce stand. You might think that fruit trees are only for people who live in the south or California but there are many fruit trees that will thrive in colder climates. Though you might be tempted to grow your favorite type of fruit it might not be the kind of tree that is best suited for your location. Some fruit trees, like citrus, require warmth and some, like cherries, actually require cold weather during part of their growth cycle.

All fruit trees require pollination to produce fruit. Some fruit trees can pollinate themselves such a peaches, apricots, and berries. Other fruit trees require pollination from a nearby tree of the same type so you will need to plant at least two trees no further than fifty feet apart. Varieties of fruit that require a nearby tree for pollination include apples, some varieties of cherries, and pears. If you have a small yard you might need to choose self-pollinating varieties of trees.

There are several different sizes of fruit trees to choose from. If your yard is very small you can choose a dwarf fruit tree. Dwarf fruit trees produce fruit of normal size but the tree itself will not grow very large. Semi-dwarf fruit trees are a bit larger but will usually not grow more than twenty feet high. Semi-dwarf fruit trees provide a bountiful harvest without taking up too much room. Standard sized fruit trees can grow over thirty feet tall and require a great deal of care and pruning. All sizes of fruit trees take three to five years to begin bearing fruit.

Once you have chosen the size you need for your fruit tree you can choose the variety. The first thing you need to do is to find out what zone you live in. Any fruit tree you purchase will have a plant hardiness zone rating between one and eleven. Ask your nursery what zone you live in so that you will choose trees that can thrive in your particular type of weather.

Your nursery will also be able to tell you which fruit trees produce the best in your area and which ones are easiest to coax fruit from. Apples, peaches, and plums are among the most difficult fruit trees to cultivate while blackberries, blueberries, and figs are the easiest. The most difficult fruit trees require a lot of pruning and pesticides. If you are an inexperienced fruit grower you might want to start with an easier variety and work your way up.

When you choose a plot for your new fruit tree you will need a location that gets full sun. Your fruit tree will also need soil that is well drained but not extremely dry. If you are planting trees that require pollinators be sure to space them far enough apart to allow for air circulation and growth. Protect your new fruit trees from deer and pests by wrapping them in a chicken wire fence until they have grown taller. Apply the recommended pesticides for your particular fruit tree as needed.

Since we all have different types of soil and pests in our back yards it might be a matter of trial and error to find the perfect fruit tree for you yard. If you are armed with the suggestions above you will have a better chance of having a beautiful tree brimming with delicious fruit.

© High Speed Ventures 2011