Harry S. Truman Biography

Harry S. Truman made a lot of important decions for the United States during his time as president. Here is a little bit more about the man himself and his accomplishments.

Harry S. Truman was born in Lamar, Missouri in 1884. He grew up in Independence and for 12 years prospered as a Missouri farmer. Truman went to France in World War I as a captain in the Field Artillery. Apon returning he married Elizabeth Virginia Wallace. They together opened a haberdashery in Kansas City. Truman was active in the Democratic party and was elected a judge of the Jackson County Court in 1922. In 1934 he became Senate war investigating committee, checking into waste and corruption and saving as much as 15 billion dollars.

Truman as President made some of the most crucial decisions in history. Soon after V-E Day, the war against Japan had reached it's final stage. An urgent plea to Japan

to surrender was rejected. After consultations with his advisors, he ordered atomic bombs dropped on cities devoted to war. Two of the cities were Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The



Japanese surrendered quickly afterwards. In 1945 Truman witnessed the signing of the charter of the United Nations, established to preserve peace. From that point so far he had

followed his predecessor's policies, but he soon developed his own. Truman presented to Congress a 21 point program, proposing expansion of Social Security, a full employment

program, a permanent Fair Employment Practices Act, and public housing and sum clearance. This act became know as the Fair Deal.

Dangers and crises marked the foreign scene as Truman successfully in 1948. He was providing his most efficient leadership skills at that time. In 1947 as the Soviet Union pressured Turkey and threatened to take over Greece. Truman asked Congress to aid the two contries, enunciating the program that bears his name, The Truman Doctrine. In 1948 Truman created a massive airlift to supply Berliners until the Russians backed down. Due

to Trumans efforts, The North Atlantic Treaty Organization was established in 1949.

Deciding not to run for another term, he retired to Independence. He lived out the rest of his life peacefully. At the age of 88, he died December 26, 1972 after a stubborn

fight for his life.

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