Head Lice Treatment

Head lice are tiny insects that attach themselves to the hair follicles and scalp. Learn about head lice treatment. They are spread by direct contact, usually between children who are playing.

Head lice are tiny insects that attach themselves to the hair follicles and scalp. They are spread by direct contact, usually between children who are playing. If one child has lice in a classroom or play group then it is highly likely that most of the other children will also get lice. There are many store bought medicated shampoos that will kill head lice, but in recent years lice are becoming immune to them. In addition, some of these medicated shampoos can have serious side effects.

If you notice that your child is itching their head continually, then check their scalp for lice. You will see small gray lumps, these are the lice. And, attached to the hair follicle will be little white nits, these are the eggs. Using a flashlight may help see them better. Check your child's lymph nodes on the front of their neck, if they are swollen your child will need to be taken to the doctor for a secondary infection that sometimes goes along with lice.

Contact your child's school and playmates so that they can be checked for lice. If one child in a group is left untreated with lice, then all the other children will soon be re-infected.



There are several over-the-counter shampoos that kill lice. The known ingredient in the shampoo (Kwell), is lindane, and it is related to the pesticide called DDT. The ingredients are absorbed easily into your skin. Some of the known side effects can cause nervous system problems that may bring on convulsions. Studies have been done that show that lindane is linked to brain cancer. Another over-the-counter shampoo is Nix and it contains permathrin, which is safer to use. Permethin, in recent years, has been showing a slight ineffectiveness due to the lice becoming immune to it.

After shampooing your child's head sit them down in front of the TV or give them a book, Now, with a fine toothed comb go through the hair slowly. Check each hair follicle for nits. This can be tedious and time consuming but is absolutely necessary.

Try to avoid spreading lice by doing the following. Put your coats in the dryer for at least 15 minutes on high heat. Wash and dry all blankets, bedding, towels and throw covers on furniture. Always vacuum your furniture to suck up lice eggs, empty the bag when done. Put stuffed toys in a heavy-duty plastic garbage bag. Try to squeeze as much air as you can out of the bag before you seal it closed. Do not puncture any holes in the bag. Use another bag and insert this bag in it. Leave everything in the bag for at least 14 days without opening it.

If someone uses your comb or brush clean them immediately by soaking them in hot water until the water is no longer warm. Wipe the excess water off your comb and brush with a clean towel. Do not reuse the towel until washed. Use tea tree oil and rosemary oil on your hair because lice do not like it. Use it for a repellent by putting in the palm of your hand about 4 to 5 drops of each oil, rub together and run your fingers through your hair just once or twice. Before all the oils evaporate from your hands, rub your hands on your coats and furniture.

Here is a homemade recipe to get rid of lice. If you are concerned about the strength, do a skin test. Put a drop inside of the elbow; wait 2 hours to see if there are any signs of irritation. (Do not get in your eyes; rinse with warm water immediately if you do) 3-4 ounces of vegetable oil (some individuals prefer olive oil)

25 drops of tea tree essential oil

12 drops of essential rosemary oil

15 drops of essential lemon oil

15 drops of essential lavender oil

Mix all of these together. Apply to dry hair and cover with a plastic shower cap. Then wrap your head in a towel; leave on for 1 hour. After 1 hour, apply your shampoo to dry hair to help cut the oil. Work it in well before adding water. Wash hair and repeat another shampoo. Rinse well; dry your hair with a blow dryer. Do not reuse your towel until it is washed. This is not medically proven.

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