Instructions For Wound Care

Wounds infection care: do know if that open wound will need to be closed by a physician or surgeon.

Wound Care

Wounds come in various types; you have an open wound that will need to be closed by a physician or surgeon. When this wound is closed they often use thread like material called stitches or sutures, or if it is extensive enough they will use staples. Then you have your minor wounds that can become infected just as any other opening into the skin, abrasions, scratches, cuts and puncture wounds. Knowing how to clean and manage these wounds will promote faster healing and decrease the chance of infections.

Caring for the wound.

Keeping your bandage clean and dry. When the bandage gets wet it must be changed, unwrap it slowly and carefully as not to damage the already weakened condition of the area. If the banged sticks or hurts as you remove it use a little water to loosen it gently. Make sure the area is dry before applying another bandage. If possible keep the wounded area elevated to decrease the amount of soreness and swelling that usually happens after an injury. Keep the wound dry for the first twenty-four hours after injury. Then clean it three times a day with hydrogen peroxide, and qtips. After the area is cleansed well apply some sort of antibacterial ointment to the area unless your physician has told you otherwise. There are several on the market and any one of them will work well. Do not soak the wound until it is healing well, such as swimming, bathing (shower is fine), doing dishes if the wound is on the arm or hand that will be in the water. Do not over use the area that is injured; protect it from further injury if at all possible. Do not be afraid to ask your doctor for a note for school or work to change your duties until the area is well on its way to healing. If you have sutures or staples make sure that you follow directions carefully, if these are left in too long they may become infected, worsen the injury and increase scarring of the area. When sleeping make sure you elevate the area using an extra pillow, you may want to protect the pillow with a towel underneath if there is any signs of drainage or bleeding. If there is an excessive amount of bleeding you should contact your physician and go to the emergency center closest to you. This would indicate that the injury might be more severe then first thought.

Call your Physician if you notice the following.

If your temperature or fever is 100 or more, the area becomes red, inflamed, warm to touch pus draining, a bad smell or red streaks coming up or down from the wound. This would suggest that the area is infected and needs a physician to see it to determine what oral antibiotics should be given. If the area becomes more painful than you can tolerate, or swells more than you were told, you need to contact your physician.


This should not be taken as any medical advice only information on how to care for your wound and to contact your physician if you have any questions.

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