How to Make Your Own Spear

By Robert Kingsley

While spears were often used for fighting throughout history, they aren’t always a weapon. If you find yourself in a survival situation, you may have to make a spear of your own to use as a tool. You can make one out of basic supplies that will be perfectly capable of taking small game and fishing. You don’t even need a spear head for this primitive design. It won’t be pretty, but it will get the job done. Make your spear in advance of a rustic camping trip to take advantage of power tools that make the job easier.

List of Items Needed

  • Handheld cutting tool
  • Hunting knife
  • Rotary tool
  • Jute twine
  1. Find a sapling that is about 2 inches thick. Cut it down and trim off any branches using a knife. If you have access to power tools, a handheld cutting tool will make short work of this step.

  2. Cut the sapling to size, about 6 feet in length. In the wild, you can use your hunting knife, though a handheld cutting tool will make a cleaner cut if you have one available.

  3. Brace your sapling against a firm surface such as a tree, rock or wall. Lay your knife across the top of the sapling as close to the center as you can.

  4. Tap the back of your knife with a piece of wood to gently split the sapling down the center. Split the sapling about 6 inches into the shaft.

  5. Remove your knife and turn your sapling 90 degrees. Split the log again, as close to the center as you can. This will result in your sapling being split into four equivalent sections.

  6. Measure 18 inches down from the split end of the sapling. Wrap a 4-foot length of jute twine around the shaft at this point and tie it off. This will brace the shaft and stop the splitting at that location.

  7. Continue splitting the sapling down to the wrapped twine. Cut two twigs with a diameter of about ½ inch to a length of 4 inches. Work the twigs into the splits as far down towards the twine as you can. This will spread the four sections of sapling outwards.

  8. Secure the twigs in place by wrapping them up with more jute twine. Also, wrap above the twigs to stabilize the four split ends.

  9. Sharpen each of the four sections of the sapling using your hunting knife or even a rotary tool if you have one at hand.

  10. Build a fire and hold your spear points over the blaze to fire harden them. The heat of the fire will draw the moisture from the wood, making it stronger. The green wood of the sapling will resist burning, but make sure you don’t heat it up too much. You don’t want to char the wood or set it aflame.

© Demand Media 2011