Mary I - Queen Of England

Mary I was the queen of England that became known as Bloody Mary.

This queen of England, which was given the nickname of

"Bloody Mary", was born at Greenwich Palace, February

18, 1516. She was the daughter of Henry VIII and

Catharine of Aragon. She was carefully educated in Spain,

was an ardent Catholic, and became a proficient scholar in

Latin, so that Erasmus commends her letters in that

language.

Edward VI, her brother, died in 1553 and she was

proclaimed queen in July of that same year and crowned in

October. Upon her accession, she declared that she would

not persecute her Protestant subjects, but in the following

month, she restricted preaching, and in less than three

months the Protestant bishops were excluded from the

House of Lord and all the statutes of Edward VI regarding

the Protestant religion were repealed.

In July, 1554, she was married to Philip II of Spain, who

was eleven years younger than herself. He was not an

affectionate man, as his passion was ambition.

Mary renewed the laws against heretics of the Catholic

church and began to enforce them. The shocking scenes

which followed were horrifying. In three or four years, two

hundred and seventy-seven people were burned at the stake.

On February 4, 1555, John Rogers was burned at the stake;

Cranmer, Latimer, and Ridley shared the same fate. The

ruin of England seemed impending, when in the summer of

1558, the queen became ill of a fever and she died at St.

James Palace, on November 17.

To her, no doubt, the propagators of heresy were

the enemies of mankind, and she had little cause to love

them. Yet perhaps she hardly realized the full horror of

what was done under her sanction. Tennyson calls her

"unhappiest of queens, and wives, and women."

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