How To Perform Basic Cpr On An Adult.

Proper training and certification are the best approach to learning CPR, but the basics are and should be public knowledge.

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, or CPR, can help to keep someone alive in case of an accident long enough for emergency help to arrive, but studies show that, properly performed, it also helps to improve the quality of health for victims of heart attack after the accident, and can improve their recovery significantly. While many occupations require CPR certification, like lifeguarding and some teaching positions, knowledge of CPR technique could be useful to absolutely anyone in the event that a friend or loved one becomes incapacitated. However, improper practice of the technique can cause damage to a healthy person and could complicate an already life-threatening situation. As such, those who are CPR certified should keep not only their paper certification, but their memory up-to-date, and those who are not should seek certification before trying to perform CPR if at all possible. Remember these rules, first, when confronted with a situation that might require CPR.

First, only consider performing CPR if the following three conditions are met.

* Breathing has stopped completely.

* There are no signs of circulation, such as pulse or physical response to rescue breathing.

* You are the individual present with the most training in CPR, or are the most fit to perform the procedure.

Clearing the airway should be your first step in performing CPR, because without an open airway, rescue breathing will be impossible or very difficult. This is only necessary, of course, if the cause of incapacitation is choking. If the subject is still conscious, the Heimlich maneuver is the best way to remove tracheal (windpipe) blockage, but if they are unconscious you should avoid this method. Instead, proceed to CPR rescue breathing--there is a good chance that this may clear the blockage on its own.

While no information should work as a replacement for hands-on CPR training, the sort you'll receive if you take a certification course, the following should help you form a base of knowledge on how to properly perform CPR, so that you may use it, if you must, in an emergency. Remember, still, that there is no substitute for certification training.

To perform CPR on an adult, begin with the following:

* If the subject is not breathing:

Gently pinch closed the nose, such that air cannot readily pass through it. Take a full breath, and, placing your mouth tightly over that of the subject, exhale fully. Repeat once, for a total of two full rescue breaths.

* If no breathing or circulatory response (pulse, movement) occurs, find hand placement for compression.

Follow the bottom ribs to the spot where they meet, called the sternal notch. Here you'll find the sternum, or breastbone. Place the heel of one hand here on the lower part of the sternum, and stack your other hand over this one for pressure.

* Perform chest compressions.

The ideal compression rate is 100 per minute, which amounts to a bit less than two per second. Perform fifteen compressions, pushing briskly and firmly against the sternum such that it compresses about one and a half to two inches (4-5cm) inward.

After fifteen compressions, repeat the process from the beginning. For every two rescue breaths, perform fifteen compressions, and repeat, until signs of breathing or circulation occur or until EMT help arrives. Check for a pulse after every set of rescue breaths and compressions, to ensure that you don't perform unnecessary compressions on a heart that will be struggling to beat on its own.

Remember that CPR methods for children and infants vary from those used on adults, and that the procedure for one must not be used on the other. Excepting for cases of gross negligence, "Good Samaritan" laws typically prevent lawsuits from being filed against those who help incapacitated individuals with procedures such as CPR in cases of accidental injury. However, one should perform CPR fully conscious of its potential danger, if misused, and should make efforts to receive proper training and certification if it is possible or likely that one may be in a position where they might have to use CPR. Training and certification are available from numerous local and national organizations, and are usually priced affordably.

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