Planting, Care, And Cultivation Of Fruit Trees

The wonderful thing about planting fruit trees is that once they are planted, they continue to yield fruit year after year, with minimal care.

The wonderful thing about fruit trees is that once they are planted, they continue to yield fruit year after year, with minimal care. In addition to that, you will feel the satisfaction that comes from successfully growing a plant from scratch, and the knowledge that the fruit of your labour is long-term.

Site and soil

1.Choose your site with care.

2.Avoid planting your fruit trees where cold air is likely to be trapped. As long as you have good drainage, most trees will grow in a wide variety of soil types.

3.If you do not have enough space to plant fruit trees into the soil need not give up: there are a few fruit trees which thrive happily in containers.

Planting

1.Prepare the planting positions well.

2.Dig in plenty of organic matter to give the tree a good supply of nutrition for a start.

3. Prepare each planting position by taking out a spade-depth hole that is half as broad as the area of the tree's spread out roots, or if you are planting in a container, the width of a root ball.

4.Fork some well-rotted manure, compost or planting mixture into the bottom of the hole.



5.Mix some of the compost with the soil that you have just removed.

6.If a supporting stake is needed, hammer it a little off-center.

7. Shorten the long, thick roots of the plant you are about to plant and cut off any that seem dead.

Plant Support

1. All fruit trees, even bush forms, need staking, at least during their early years.

2. For bush trees and dwarf pyramids, drive a stake as deep as one foot and a half into the ground. Secure the stem to it with a plastic tree-tie. Alternatively, wrap a sack around the trunk to prevent chafing. For cordons ad espaliers, buy pressure-treated posts, or fix the posts in metal sockers driven into the ground.

3. Make sure that the soil mark is level with the surrounding ground. Also make sure that the bulge on the stem, where the upper and lower parts of the tree are grafted, is well above the soil surface.

4. Place some soil or compost mixture over the roots and shake the stem up and down so that it settles between the roots.

5. Repeat the process until the hole is filled.

6. Firm the soil with your foot.

Protecting your fruit trees

Damage by the birds is the major problem for all fruit tree growers. Spray on bird repellant, used frequently, is one of the deterrents you can use. You may also be able to net the smaller trees.

Pruning your tress

Pruning your fruit trees is essential. When pruning, it necessary to distinguish between fruit buds and growth buds. Fruit buds are plump and rounded; growth buds are small and flat. Here are some of the reasons you should prune your trees:

Training

Initially, you prune the trees so that you can train them to particular shapes and create a framework on which crops will later be borne. Pruning your fruit trees in winter stimulates the trees' growth ( done mostly on bush trees). Summer pruning retards growth.

Maintaining balance

Once the tree has matured (after about 4 years of so), you need to continue pruning your trees in order to maintain the balance between creating new, non-fruit bearing replacement shoots and encouraging older growths to bear fruit. This is done in order to prevent overcrowding of fruit on the tree and to remove dead branches.

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