Planting Chrysanthemums

The chrysanthemum is a great choice for flowering gardens. Here are a few suggestions for planting.

Did you know that the name Chrysanthemum comes from two Greek words, 'chrysos' meaning 'gold' and 'anthos' meaning 'flower'? Literally, it means golden flower. The genus Chrysanthemum is a large one, having both ornamental and also economic value. These flowers vary greatly in form, size, color and can be grown easily in many climates. When you cut the flowers they last a very long time.

The flowers come into bloom in the fall and have a very long season after most blooming flowers are over.

The origin of the chrysanthemum is actually Asiatic, and the native habitat of the plants if northern China, Mongolia nad Korea and later Japan.

There are three wild species of this plant, C. morifolium with small white single flowers and rounded foliage, C. ornatum, with incised foliage and white, pinkish, or purplish single flowers, and a third called C. indicum, that came from India.

They are classified as greenhouse types, garden or hardy types. The greenhouse types will containe a greater number of varieties, because they have been exploited to a far greater degree than the hardy garden types.

Some of the greenhouse types are: large flowered exhibition varieties, medium flowered commercial varieties, pompons grown in sprays, single and duplex, also anemones and cascade types.

The hardy garden types are double pompon types, single and duplex varieties, dwarf and compact or cushion types;

Korean hybrids, Arctic hybrids, nipponicum and miscellanous hybrids.

The climate requirements are such that these plants are more at home in northern regions. The cold winter temperatures in any particular locality are not the only factors that determine hardiness, however. Sometimes regions which have a mild climate, but a light snowfall, suffer greater losses from winter killing than most regions with a heavy snowfall. Mulching with a suitable material is very useful, particularly in regions which do not have a heavy snowfall.

Chrysanthemums are not bad about requiring certain soils and will thrive in any good garden soil that can grow vegetables. They mostly prefer sunny, well drained soils that contain some humus.

The application of fertilizers such as 5-l0-5 is best done at intervals during the growing season: remember, a little can go a long way.

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