Prevent Getting Lyme Disease This Summer

Information on how to prevent getting Lyme Disease in the summer, how to remove ticks and how to tell the difference between ticks.

In the summer there's alot of things to be aware of such as sunburn and Lyme disease. Lyme disease is a bacterial infection which is caused by Borrelia Burgdorfer which is a type of

bacteria called spirochete. It is transmitted to a human by a deer tick. The deer tick is part of the Ixods family of ticks. The tick may be no bigger than the head of a pin. Sometimes

people who contract Lyme disease the tick is never seen.

Lyme disease was first reported in 1883. In 1975 there was an outbreak of Lyme disease affecting the children of Old Lyme, Connecticut, when the signs first appeared it was thought to be

just juvenile arthritis. This was the first known case of Lyme Disease. In 1999 there was more than sixteen-thousand cases of

Lyme disease reported. There have been Lyme disease reported in forty-nine states. Lyme disease is mostly found to be reported

in from the Northwest and upper Midwest. Most of the tick bites occur during the late spring and summer months. The spreading of Lyme disease is due to bird migration, mobility of deer and other

large mammels infected with tick droppings off of pets and people traveling throughout the country. A person must be biten

to contract Lyme disease. Only one to four percent of people biten contract Lyme disease.

Ticks attach anywhere but prefer the armpit, groin, back of the knee and nape of neck. Ticks like to hide in shady, moist ground, in tall grass, brush, shrubs and low tree branches, edges

of woodland and old stone walls. A tick has to be attached for thirty-six to forty-eight hours in order to infect a person with

Lyme disease.

There are symptoms associated with Lyme disease. These symptoms can occur during the first two days or weeks after being biten

from a deer tick. These symptoms include a large circular rash with a bulls-eye pattern near the bite. The rash is hard to

identify on brown-skin or tanned skin because of the decreased contrast between normal skin tones and the red rash. Instead a dark bruise-like appearence will occur. The bulls-eye symptom is

when Lyme disease is in the easiest stage to detect. The rash may itch and burn, it could last up to three weeks. Other symptoms can be a low-grade fever, muscle achs and general

malaise. After several weeks without treatment these symptoms may increase to arthritus-like symptoms in the knees, ankles and wrists, facial paralysis, severe fatique, irregular heartbeat and



meningitus. Not everyone who contracts Lyme disease will have all these symptoms.

To diagnosis that a person has Lyme disease a blood test known as enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay is taken which detects antibodies to the Borrelia. Once detected the treatment for Lyme

disease begins immediately. The majority of Lyme disease cases are cured with thirty days of antibiotics. For adults this antibiotics are doxcyclene, etracycline and amoxicillin. For

children the antibiotics are erythromycin, amoxicillin and penicilling. Children shouldn't be give doxcycline because it can cause discoloration of teeth. Some infections resist this type of standard treatment which is then treated by a longer use of antibiotics either taken orally or intravenously. In some

cases where Lyme disease has caused an irregular heartbeat, a temporary pacemaker may be needed.

There are precautions that a person can take to avoid Lyme disease. Avoid contact with soil, leaf litter and vegetation. Learn to disinquish between deer ticks and other ticks. Wearing

closed shoes and light clothing. Scan clothes and skin frequently. When walking stay on clean-well traveled trails. Use insect repellent containing DEET (diethyl-meta-toluanide).

Avoiding sitting directly on the ground or on stone walls. Keeping long hair tied back. Doing a final full body tick check at the end of the day.

There are things people can do outside to keep ticks on the yard. Keeping lawn mowed and edges trimmed. Clear brush, leaf litter and tall grasses around the house and edge of garden and stone walls. Stack woodpiles neatly near any location and pile off the ground. Clean leaf litter and remaining perennials out of the

garden in the fall. Keep the ground under bird feeders clean, so not to attract small mammels since they tend to carry deer ticks.

Having a licensed professional spray residential environment with an insecticide in late May and September.

If a tick is found there's a right way to remove the tick. Twizzers should be used to remove the tick, grasp the tick by the head or mouth and then pull it out firmly. When removing a tick

don't apply petroleum jelly because this can increase the transmission of Lyme disease. Place the tick in alchol to kill it. Clean the bite wound with disinfectant.

For people who live or work in high-risk areas or ones that are frequently exposed to a tick infected location, there's a vaccine available called Lynerix.

The best defense to Lyme disease is to examine oneself daily and remove any ticks before they become swollen with blood.

Knowing the facts about Lyme disease and the steps to take to prevent getting Lyme disease will help make the summer a safe one for you and your family.

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