Producing Textiles From Cotton Fiber

Producing textiles from cotton fiber: Textile manufacturing makes use of various complicated methods.One way to do it is by using raw materials like cotton fibers.

The first step in producing textiles is to have the raw cotton fibers be put into cotton gins to remove further seeds and other foreign objects remaining in it.

The fine threads produced called filaments are wound for replication. This is called throwing. The waste products remaining are used as short fibers in silk yarns. The useful filaments are first combed by a wire-like brush to unwound its fibers and straighten them. The strands are then twisted to different states. Depending on how it was coiled,strands twisted in various numbers result in rough-surfaced cloth while lightly-twisted ones produce finely-textured fabrics.

These fabrics are then woven using machines called looms. It is done by coiling 2 sets of threads on right angles. Another alternative process which can be used is called knitting. This method produces fabric as yarn is connected altogether in various types of coils. It can be done either by using the hand or needles which are connected to machines.

There are many ways on how textiles are dyed to produce various designs imprinted on it. They can either be dyed while they are placed inside a container or before or after they are woven. The most common process used on printing fabric is by passing them through individually specialized rollers which each contain different colors. This process is called intaglio roller printing. Another way that can be used is by having the designs imprinted together with an ink and raised as fabric passes underneath it. This is known as surface printing.

A method called screen printing can also be of use. This is where a design being imprinted on a screen is placed above the passing fabric. The textiles are then squeezed into the openings of the screen. Finishes can also be treated onto the fabric to produce improvements on its appearance and resistance against volatile elements. Permanent presses are an example.

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