Pyramid Of Teotihuacan

Scientists in the ancient city of Teotihuacan (Tay-o-tee-wah-can), Mexico work in the fiery heat and stifling dust for as much as fifteen hours each day. They dig carefully for more than one hundred days, and then make an exciting discovery. Inside an ancient pyramid is a burial room hidden under tons of rock and rubble.

In the burial room, a human skeleton sits sprawled on the floor with more than a dozen knives carved out of obsidian beside him. Obsidian is a black rock formed from hardened lava that is very shiny and very hard. The skeletons of two jaguars lie beside broken pieces of a wooden cage. Bones from seven large birds are found buried in the dirt of the floor of the burial room. Statues also carved from obsidian lie nearby.

The burial room is in a pyramid that scientists call the Pyramid of the Moon. They call the other large pyramid in the city the Pyramid of the Sun. The scientists named each of these pyramids this way because each contains many images of these astral bodies.

The giant pyramids of Teotihuacan are still an intriguing enigma to scientists because they have no idea who could have built them. In the fifteen hundreds, the Aztecs ruled a powerful empire that included Teotihuacan, but the city and its pyramids are much older than the Aztec empire. The pyramids of Teotihuacan were built more than two thousand years ago.

The scientists are now trying to discover who built the city and its pyramids. They are looking for more mysterious rooms. The scientists hope that these rooms will give them more clues to the people of the city. They hope that perhaps in one of these undiscovered rooms lies something that provides an answer to this perplexing puzzle.

Who were these people who lived so long ago? Scientists and experts are still struggling to figure that out, and that is why the new evidence in the Pyramid of the Moon is so important to researchers. So far, the hidden burial room is the most important and intact burial site in the city. The artifacts found inside it will help to shed light on the truth.



The contents of the pyramid have provided the scientists with clues about the founders of the city. The findings support some of the theories that the scientists had already formulated about the inhabitants of Teotihuacan. The scientists working there think that the people of the city were sacrificing animals and humans as part of their religious ceremonies, as gifts to their gods, just as the Aztecs did. The human skeleton in the burial room is in a position that suggests he might have been tied up and then killed. The scientists believe that the jaguars and the birds were probably sacrificed along with the man. But did the people who built the pyramids make sacrifices before they became affiliated with the Aztecs, or was that something they learned from them?

Another site in the city contains the skeletons of 150 soldiers. The soldiers are all armed with stone-tipped spears and other weapons, suggesting that warfare was important to the inhabitants of the city. Other artifacts from inside the city suggest that most of the population farmed the land.

There are still not very many clues about the daily lives of the people of Teotihuacan. One problem is that scientists do not know how to read the old writings that they find. The writings are all in hieroglyphics, a picture language. Hieroglyphics were used by many cultures, such as the Aztecs and the Egyptians, but the hieroglyphics found in Teotihuacan are unlike any unearthed before. It's going to take time to decipher them.

Researchers who are studying the Pyramid of the Moon hope that they will find more information inside it about its builders. A great deal of the pyramid has not yet been explored, and that means that there is a lot of evidence left to uncover. What will be revealed by the exploration yet to come? Scientists have some ideas, but they don't know for sure if these theories are correct, and they are excited by the very magnitude of the work left to do. It could be decades before they are done with the painstakingly slow digging, and decades more before they decipher the evidence they have found.

One reason that it takes so long to excavate a site is that a pyramid was built in layers, like an onion. The people of the city would first build a small pyramid. Then, as time went on, their society grew. Because of the growth, their needs changed, and they built a larger one over the top of the first pyramid. Then they eventually built another pyramid over the top of that. The scientists are carefully excavating each layer of the site, trying to solve the mystery that is Teotihuacan.

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