How Rice Is Grown

Farmers from many countries had different ways on growing rice. Rice production depends on the place it was grown and its climate conditions.

African and Asian types of rice are grown in two ways depending on the location and climate where it was planted. There are two types of growing rice in certain parts of the country.One of it is called lowland rice. This requires rice being grown in flooded plains called paddies so its roots could be able to make use of the nutrient content from the water it was planted in. Paddy rice farmers usually plant the seeds first in little seedbeds and transfer them into flooded fields which were already plowed. Other highly-developed countries plant the seeds using a drill in fields already levelled mechanically. Afterwards,it is flooded either by rainwater or by irrigation.

In places where there is no enough amount of moisture to nurture the crops,upland rice is used. Rice is planted on soil and its roots only extract nutrients depending on the nutrient content of the soil. This method produces less rice varieties since only a few amount of nutrients are available for the roots of the rice to extract when compared to paddy rice,where enough amounts of nutients are extracted. One country like Laos depends on this process.

In both types of methods,rice could readily be harvested in about 3 to 6 months. For countries not highly-developed,the farmers just harvest the rice using a knife, gather and tie them in bundles and leave them in the field for drying. A process called threshing follows where animals walk over the rice to take out its grain. Industrialized countries process rice using machines called combines. It then harvests the rice,remove and then cleans its grain. The grains are then dried in places where high temperatures exist.



After procesing,removal of the grain's hull follows. This exposes the bran and brown rice is produced. If the bran is taken away,white rice is produced. Brown rice is more nutritious than white rice. Polished rice is produced by processing the kernels through a machine where they are polished finely by brushes.

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