Romain Rolland Biography

Biography of Romain Rolland, recipient of the 1915 Nobel Prize for Literature, was born into a middle-class family in Clamecy, France.

Romain Rolland, recipient of the 1915 Nobel Prize for Literature, was born into a middle-class family in Clamecy, France. His father was a lawyer. He was educated at the Ecole Normale Superieure and the Sorbonne. He later worked as a professor at the Ecole Normale in Paris and the Sorbonne.

Rolland published his first book, HISTOIRE DE L'OPERA EN EUROPE AVANT LULLY ET SCARLATTI, in 1895. He is most famous for his ten volume work, JEAN-CHRISTOPHE, which was published between 1904 and 1912.

Romain Rolland died in Vezelay, France in 1944.

CHRONOLOGY

1866 He was born in Clamecy, France. (January 29)

1880 He moved with his family to paris.

1889 He passed his agregation examination.

1892 He married Clotilde Breal.

1895 HISTOIRE DE L'OPERA EN EUROPE AVANT LULLY ET SCARLATTI; He received his doctorate in art at the Sorbonne.

1897 SAINT-LOUIS

1898 AERT; LES LOUPS (THE WOLVES)

1899 LE TRIOMPHEDE LA RAISON

1900 DANTON

1902 MILLET; LE QUATORZE JUILLET (THE FOURTEENTH OF JULY)

1903 LES TEMPS VIENDRA; LE THEATRE DE PEUPLE (THE PEOPLE'S THEATRE); VIE DE BEETHOVEN

1904 LA MONTESPAN (THE MONSTESPAN)

1905 MICHEL-ANGE (THE LIFE OF mICHAEL aNGELO)

1906 THEATRE DE LA REVOLUTION

1908 MUSICIENS D'AUTREFOIS (SOME MUSICIANS OF FORMER DAYS)

1910 HAENDEL (HANDEL)

1911 VIE DE TOLSTOI (TOLSTOY)

1912 He left his teaching post to devote his time to writing.

1913 LES TRAGEDIES DE LA FOI (THE TRAGEDIES OF FAITH

1914 He moved to Switzerland.

1915 AU-DESSUS DE LA MELEE (ABOVE THE BATTLE); He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature.

1917 LE TRIOMPHE DE LA LIBERTE

1918 EMPEDOCLE D'AGRIGENTE ET L'AGE DE LA HAINE

1919 LILULI; COLAS BREUGNON; LES PRECURSEURS (THE FORERUNNERS); VOYAGE MUSICAL AUX PAYS DU PASSE (MUSCIAL TOUR THROUGH THE LAND OF THE PAST



1920 PIERRE ET LUCE; CLEREMBAULT

1921 LA REVOLTE DES MACHINES

1922 LES VAINCUS

1923 He founded the magazine EUROPE.

1924 MAHATMA GANDHI

1925 LE JEU DE L'AMOUR ET DE LA MORT (THE GAME OF LOVE AND DEATH)

1926 PAGUES FLEURIES (PALM SUNDAY)

1928 LES LEONIDES; BEETHOVEN

1929 ESSAI SUR LA MYSTIQUE ET L'ACTION DE L'INDE VIVANTE

1930 GOETHE ET BEETHOVE; LA MUSIQUE DANS L'HISTOIRE GENERALE

1934 He married Marie Koudachev.

1935 PAR LA REVOLUTION, LA PAIX; CAMPAGNOS DE ROUTE

1938 LES PAGES IMMORTELLES DE ROUSSEAU (THE LIVING THOUGHTS OF ROUSSEAU); VALMY; He and his wife returned to France.

1939 ROBESPIERRE

1942 LE VOYAGE INTERIERU (THE JOURNEY WITHIN)

1944 He died in Vezelay, France. (December 30)

1945 PEGUY

1946 LE SEUIL; DE JEAN-CHRISTOPHE A COLAS BREUGNON

1947 LETTRES DE ROMAIN ROLLAND UN COMBATTANT DE LA RESISTANCE; SOUVENIRS DE JEUNESS

1948 CHOIX DE LETTRES A MALWIDE VON MAYSENBUG; ESSAYS ON MUSIC

1949 CORRESPONDANCE ENTRE LOUIS GILLET ET ROMAIN ROLLAND

1951 RICHARD STRAUSS ET ROMAIN ROLLAND

1952 LE CLOITRE DE LA RUE D'ULM

1954 CORRESPONDANCE ENTRE H.HESSE ET R.R.; CHOIX DE LETTRES DE ROMAIN ROLLAND A SA MERE

1955 CORRESPONDANCE ENTRE CHARLES PEGUY ET ROMAIN ROLLAND

1956 RETOUR AU PALAIS FARNESE; MEMOIRES

1957 ROMAIN ROLLAND-LUGNE-POE; DE LA DECADENCE DE LA PEINTURE ITALIENNE AUX SVI SIECLE

1959 CHERE SOFIA

1960 IDE: JOURNAL 1915-1943

1961 RABINDRANATH TAGORE ET ROMAIN ROLLAND

1962 CES JOURS LOINTAINS

1964 DEUX HOMMES SE RENCONTRENT

1966 ROMAIN ROLLAND ET MOUVEMENT FLORENTIN DE 'LA VOCE"; LETTRES DE ROMAIN ROLLAND A MARIANNE DZEKE

1967 UN BEAU VISAGE A TOUS SENS

1969 SALUT ET FRATERNITE; GANDHI ET ROMAIN ROLLAND

1971 JE COMMENCE A DEVENIR DANGEREUX

1972 D'UNE RIVE A L'AUTRE

1973 POUR L'HONNEUR DE L'ESPIRIT

1977 BON VOISINAGE

1978 MONSIEUR LE COMTE

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