Rutherford Hayes

Rutherford Hayes was the ninetenth president of the united states. Learn about his life.

The Campaign of 1876 was a close one: the two candidates were Rutherford B. Hayes, the Republican candidate and Samuel J. Tilden, the Democratic candidate. Both of these men promised reform after Grant's scandals. It was a very close race, but the Republican Party was still stronger, so Rutherford Hayes became the nineteenth president of the United States in 1877.

Rutherford Hayes was born in Delaware, Ohio on October 4, 1822. Hayes never new his father because his father had died just a few months before he was born. He was raised by his mother and uncle. Hayes was a fine student he graduated from Kenyon College and Harvard Law School. Hayes knew at a young age that he was going to be a servant of the people. He was active in the Whig party and then changed over to the Republican Party with some persuasion of his future wife, Lucy Webb.

When Hayes took office his biggest job was to reconstruct the South; this was not an easy job. The Southerners were not adjusting well with the carpetbaggers and the federal troops. The carpetbaggers were Northerners who had come to the South to take advantage of the war victims; the federal troops were there to enforce the civil rights laws, and to control the Ku Klux Klan. The Southerners wanted them out: Hayes could not do anything about the carpetbaggers, but he had decided to remove the federal troops.

Hayes also had to deal with the suffering economy in the north, which had come about because of the labor wars between the employees of the railroad and the railroad owners. The employees took huge pay cuts that led to a strike. The first strike took place in Baltimore and then spread to Pittsburgh, this was a bloody strike. Hayes had to send in federal troops to restore order and restore the railroad to working operation.

Rutherford Hayes when elected for President had said he would only serve one term. Hayes had considered staying on if re-elected then rethought the issue. Hayes was tired of the violence that was taking place in the United States. He had dealt with thousands losing their lives in the railroad strikes, the Ku Klux Klan in the south and the mid-western bandits. He decided to stick with what he had said, only serving one term. Hayes retired from public service in 1879 and died January 17, 1893.

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