How To Start A Compost Pile

How to start a compost pile, which is necessary for your garden and home plants.

Have you thought about making your own compost pile? Don't think for a minute it isn't necessary for the growth and beauty of your plants or in your garden, as it is needed for the best blooms. I can give you some suggestions but as you have one over time you will gain experience you probably don't have now: that will be more valuable than any directions or suggestions, so I'll try to explain how you make a compost pile and get you started.

To tell you a little about compost, it is organic matter that is basically made of nothing more than well-decomposed organic materials. You can include some of the dead plant materials that normally you might turn under when working your garden: when you compost this dead plant material you speed up the compost process. By adding compost to your garden or plants you will be improving the structure, water-holding capacity and the aeration of the soils containing too much clay, as well as those with too much sand. In other words you will just improve the soil and obtain better and healthier growth from the garden and your plants.

Your compost system can be very elaborate but also can be very simple and basic. Inside the compost heap there will be many kinds of bacteria and fungi that will be working to break down the various materials in the pile. When you mix or move around your compost pile you give aerobic bacteria the oxygen to live and work because these are the most useful of the bacteria as they do the job faster and better than the other bacteria.

First of all you'll put down a layer of organic mater such as manure, if you have it, or a layer of fertilizer. Top this layer with one half to one inch layer of topsoil or soil and sand mixed, moisten thooughly and repeat the layering process until you reach the desired high, I would suggest about four feet high and about three to four feed wide, this will make it about 3-4 inches thick when it has been watered and compacted. You can also add to that layer of one to two inches of manure about two to six pounds of limestone per square yard or even add one to two pounds of nitrogen carriers, such as sulphate of ammonia, one pound of superphosphate, and the lime. Or perhaps three to four pounds of l0-6-4 fertilizer and the lime.

This is an individual preference. If you prefer to add any of the above instead of just putting the manure then the topsoil, then cover it with one half inch of good, mellow soil. This is up to you and you'll certainly over the years try different methods of the items you make in your compost pile. I personally like to use manure, limestone and then good mellow soil.

The pile should be dug over by putting in the center what was on the outside, about every two months except during the cold weather. Now remember you'll need to keep the pile always moist and also always covered with soil. The temperature inside the heap will rise to between l50 and l70 degrees fahrenheit, and this can surely dry out the inside of the compost pile thus need for keeping it moist as it can burn and have very little value to you after all your hard work, so do remember, keep it moist.

When the compost is ready it will be uniformly dark in color, will crumble easily and will smell like the woods.

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