This article gives the beginning poet many tips for writing poetry. Learn about metered form, free style, personification, and many more techniques.
To write poetry, you must be willing to dig deep down into your soul. You must write the truth. You must write your feelings and views with a passion. These are very hard things to teach, so I will focus on the more technical aspects of writing poetry.
You try to add a unique perspective, but you know that so many other poets have described the sunrise and the sunset. You wonder how you could think of the universe and the stars in a new way. Well, you would be surprised. Many aspiring poets also struggle with getting the imagery in their verse just right.
First of all, in order to write with imagery, you must visualize the subject of your poem. If it is a poem about a tree, see the tree. You must also write down what you feel about the tree. Don't leave out any detail. What do the leaves smell like? If the poem is about a blazing fire, watch the flames flicker.
Watch the blossoms in the garden open up, breathing the air. See the orange flames lapping at the candle's wick. Can you hear the crackle of the fire burning in the fireplace? The blossom can cry, shedding the petals. The fire can voice its fury with a cackle.
Poetry must set the scene. Your reader must be able to step into the poem. They must be there with you, so you must describe it. In your head, watch the story unfold. Watch the tender rose blossom. Does it have dew sprinkled over it? What color is it? Is the color symbolic to the theme of your poem? Where is the light shining? Where is the shadow? Ask yourself what does the shadow symbolize.
You must convey all of these things to your readers. Let's look around. Is there a bird flying near the garden? What I am trying to tell you is this. Leave reality for a moment. That garden is your reality. Close your eyes, and become part of it. Sniff the air. Touch the petals. Watch and write.
A poet is a dreamer. Daydreaming is necessary to make your stories and poems take on a life. When I am absorbed in my writing, I close my eyes or sometimes I just stare blankly into space. Poets are very eccentric creatures at times. I have learned to embrace my eccentricities, and you will too. Brainstorming allows the mind to breathe free. You should write down almost everything about the subject of your poem that comes to mind.
Poetry is a coded message really. You must be careful not to use too many pronouns when writing your poetry. Try to let the poem speak to the reader without too many pronouns like he, she, and you getting in the way. Of course you may use pronouns, but try to use them sparingly.
If you want to add rhyme to a poem, you should be very careful to not allow the rhyme to cover your message or even change it. So many poets change the meaning for the sake of rhyme. You must let the words come, and try not to substitute words that rhyme for better word choices. Some poets use a rhyming dictionary to help them. Other writers just use a good Thesaurus. I prefer Roget's Thesaurus.
There are many different forms that poetry can be written in, but I just covered the most popular types here. Iambic pentameter is one of the most popular types of meter. This is a poem that uses ten syllable lines in stanzas of four usually. A form of poetry that is similar to this is a sonnet. Sonnets have a specific rhyme pattern, though.
A Shakespearean Sonnet is a structured poem consisting of fourteen lines arranged in three quatrains that are four-line stanzas, ending with a rhyming couplet. Each line of the sonnet is composed in iambic pentameter. This is the rhyme scheme:
Free verse is a poem that has no form. There is not a specific number of syllables or any rhyme. These poems almost appear at a first glance like short pieces of prose. What sets them off from prose is the use of intense imagery and description. Free verse is also on one very specific theme, which is one definite way to know that it is poetry.
Some authors use punctuation when writing poetry and others do not. This is a very personal choice. Some poets do not use capitalization either. Again, this is part of the creative writing process.
1. After you come up with an idea for a story or poem, remember to close your eyes and visualize it.
2. Watch, smell, and feel the story as it unfolds.
3. Give life to the objects in your poem by personifying them.
5. When you get an idea, write it down no matter where you happen to be. Write at length, brainstorming the topic when you get more time.