How to Treat Cerebral Palsy

By Ann Johnson

  • Overview

    The brain abnormality caused by cerebral palsy doesn't get worse with time, yet the victims of the disease do experience different levels of severity. The type of treatments to administer will depend on which problems (and their severity) are being experienced by the patient. The following cerebral palsy treatments are mentioned by the Mayo Clinic.
    • Step 1

      Take a muscle relaxant in the form of oral medication. Drugs used to relax contracted muscles include diazepam, dantrolene, baclofen, and tizanidine. These medications can cause upset stomach and drowsiness. Consult with your physician or pharmacists for other possible side effects.
    • Step 2

      Inject botulinum toxin (Botox) into the spastic muscles. While this treatment can relieve the spasms and contractions, one side effect is a difficulty breathing and swallowing.

    • Step 3

      Undergo physical therapy to train muscles and exercise to build flexibility, strength, mobility, and balance. Your physician may recommend wearing braces or splints for additional support during therapy.
    • Step 4

      Consult an occupational therapist. He can help the patient adapt and develop additional strategies to manipulate necessary equipment and obstacles encountered in various workplace situations.
    • Step 5

      Meet with a speech therapist to improve speaking and communication skills.
    • Step 6

      Undergo orthopedic surgery to correct deformities on bones, joints or tendons. Surgery might be a way to reposition limbs and assist in future mobility.
    • Step 7

      Undergo surgery to sever nerves to relax muscles and minimize pain. This treatment is reserved for severe cases. The surgery can result in numbness.
    • Skill: Moderately Challenging
    • Tip: Always consult with your physician or specialist for the best treatment for your situation.
    • Tip: Visit cerebral palsy Websites and forums for information on new treatments.

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