Violin Information

Do you love the sound of the violin? Find out the violin' s history and informat about this instrument.

The violin is an exquisite instrument, capable of many sounds equaled only by the human voice. But where did this instrument come from? This article will examine the structure and history of the violin.

The violin is a stringed instrument, with a range of about three octaves. It is often praised for its similarity to the human voice. It is a chordophone or an instrument that produces sound using a body and a vibration of strings. The idea of the violin first evolved in the Orient and in Turkey. It was adapted to European tasted around in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, and introduced by Italy to Iran and the Middle East. The violin we play today is a natural ancestor of the Rebec, the Baroque guitar and the Lira da braccio, three stringed instruments of old Europe.

Cremona, Brescia, and Venice were hubs of violin-making in sixteenth century Italy. Andrea Amati is often called the father of the violin, because he created instruments that started the violin family. Amati's two sons carried his business in Cremona, Italy. Their practice was gradually handed down by a system of pupils and teachers. Two famous pupils that emerged from this Cremona line were Stradavari and Guarneri. Stradavari's violins were exceptional, creating a world standard that exists to this day. The making of Italian violins died out during the late eighteenth century, due to the economic and political problems in Italy at the time. Since then, violins have been produced all over the world, yet none have the sonority and feel of these original stringed instruments.

The secret of the exquisite sound of Italian violins has often been attributed to their varnish and shape. It is highly possible that in earlier times, wood was soaked in water, brine and even feces before being hewn into an instrument. Sometimes, varnish was made from liquids contained bodily fluids, even animal blood! Certain violins have a reddish color due to this treatment. For this reason, the sound of a Stradavari has yet to be reproduced exactly, despite the efforts of scientists across the world.

A violin contains some labeled, easily noticeable parts. It is played with a long piece of wood and horsehair, called the bow. The top of the violin, curled back in a whorl, is called the scroll. On this, you'll find the tuning pegs, which all ow you tune he instrument by tightening strings. The long thin line to the body of the instrument is called the neck, and the top of the neck, where the strings are, is called the fingerboard. You'll notice that there is an area where the strings are held up by a wooden piece, in the middle of the body of the violin. This is called the bridge, and the bow is drawn just above this area. Under the bridge, where the stings are gathered in again, is a black piece called the tail. Under this, to the side of the bottom of the violin, should be a chin-rest for an accomplished player. Its most recognizable counterparts in the string family are the cello, the viola and the bass.

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