Weather Safety: All About Hurricane Season

Hurricane season is from june to novemeber. There are certain places and times hurricanes will hit because of the needed conditions for their creation.

What's in a name? When it comes to hurricanes a name is particularly significant. Since 1953 Atlantic tropical storms have been named from lists established by the National Hurricane Center, and up until 1979 hurricanes were only named after females. Currently there are six lists of names that are used universally""each list contains an alternating sequence of male and female names. The World Meteorological Organization has created this uniform naming system to avoid the confusion associated with multiple discoveries of the hurricane at various spots around the world among coastal bases and ships at sea. During hurricane season confusion over the storm's name is, and should be, the least important matter of concern.

Hurricane season begins on June 1st and ends November 30th. The reason why there is a "hurricane season" is because there are specific conditions necessary for the creation of a hurricane. The ocean water temperature must be warm""at least eighty degrees Fahrenheit. This warm temperature translates into heat energy that the storm will need to be able to survive. Hurricanes in the northern hemisphere have trouble forming after November since, by then, the water has cooled considerably. There must also be a low wind shear from the bottom to the top of the atmosphere for a hurricane to develop. If the winds at the high altitude over the tropical wave are strong and those at the base near the water are weak the discrepancy will have a slicing or "shearing" effect on the storm and will disallow its formation. The last element needed for the creation of a hurricane is a low pressure system. The last two elements can occur at any time of the year, but without the warm water temperatures, hurricanes will not form in the winter and cooler months.

Knowing when a hurricane will strike is only half the battle""the other important point is to know where one is likely to strike. Hurricanes technically only occur on the eastern and gulf coasts of the United States, Central America, and Mexico. While storms of equal caliber occur elsewhere in the world, they are called either typhoons or cyclones.



Being prepared for a hurricane is possible in some instances; in others, however, evacuation is the only proper and safe response. Since some hurricanes can reach wind speeds of over one hundred and ninety miles per hour, dueling nature's storms is not often a good idea. Hurricanes can last anywhere from hours to over thirty days. As the hours and days go by the hurricane weakens into extra-tropical storms. Moving over land makes a hurricane decrease in strength rapidly. Hurricanes have the potential to bring great damage to the land since they bring rain, sustained levels of extremely high wind, and water surge. This combination of factors can destroy a coastal town and cause great damager to cities located inland. Hurricanes have the capacity to level millions of trees, disrupt power services state-wide, and flatten houses by the thousands. Once a hurricane forms it is rated on a scale called the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale. There are five categories in the scale. Hurricanes in categories three, four, and five are considered very serious and generally cause significant damage.

Residents living in regions where hurricanes often hit are familiar with the procedures involved in preparing for a storm and evacuating. Since advance warning of a hurricane can save thousands of lives, regions in hurricane zones devote a significant amount of the budget during the hurricane season to make sure every effort is made to identify, to track, and to brace for these powerful and damaging storms.

© High Speed Ventures 2011