White Sea Bass And Other Species

Found in all tropical and warm seas, the sea bass are made up of over thirty genera with over 500 species.

Found in all tropical and warm seas, the sea bass are made up of over thirty genera with over 500 species. There are two species of the genera, the Morowe and Sinipera, that have even been discovered living in fresh water. When you first see a sea bass their outward appearance is likely to remind you of the common European perch but upon closer inspection the differences can be found. In all the different species and genera of the sea bass there is the remarkable ability to change their markings, patterns and even their color in an instant. Due to this identifying the sea bass as being different from the European perch may not be nearly so difficult as attempting to figure out the species or genera. The Serranus scriba which is often found in the Mediterranean Sea can be identified by its dorsal fin which has a jagged edge. This interesting species has a long, rather fat body that appears to be some what compressed laterally. There are ctenoid scales covering the gills and cheeks of this sea bass that give it the appearance of a type of batik patterning around the head.

Like many species of the sea bass the Serranus scriba's large mouth protrudes out in front of the fish, with the lower jaw slightly more forward than the upper part, which gives it the appearance of being ever ready to snap up its prey in the rows of sharp teeth that are found within its jaws. There are one and in some cases two spines on the opercle and in most of this species the preopercle is jagged on the edges. Most species will have only one dorsal fin with the front half displaying spiny rays. The shaft of the Serranus scribas tail displays a rounded caudal fin this in a few cases may be forked but in all species appears to be powerful. This fish is one of the medium sized of the sea bass with a reddish tan body intersected with darker brown stripes and in some species the area near the anal fin is a bluish gray color. One of the more interesting species of fresh water sea bass is the Aucha perch which is caught throughout the fresh water areas of China and Japan. This interesting fish is a predatory species that has a greenish brown body covered with irregular spots in darker brown hues. During its spawning season it is not uncommon to see the somewhat larger eggs of this species floating along in the current of their nesting area. As the female aucha perch lays her eggs each is supplied with bubble of oil that causes it to rise to the surface where it is carried along until it hatches.

Of the many different species of sea bass some of the more interesting would include the striped sea bass, Atlantic wreck fishes, giant sea bass, hamlets, groupers, black sea bass and the soap fish which are often placed in a sub-family of the sea bass. The greater soap fish has an interesting habit of releasing a foamy type of slime full of poisonous proteins when it is threatened by a predator. The most popular of the sea bass among fishermen is the giant sea bass which, due to its size, can make quite a challenging catch. Of the striped sea bass genus there are many species which are considered commercially important since the meat of these fish is quite palatable. The most frightening of fish of this family is considered to be the grouper and especially the Promicrips lanceolantus which is the largest. This fish has a habit of appearing without warning and lunging at its prey. In many cases divers fear this fish even more than sharks.



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